MPhil, or Master of Philosophy, is a two-year postgraduate academic research programme. An MPhil course can be pursued by candidates from any field, including humanities, commerce, science, law, and education. Aspirants for an MPhil degree must study both theory and practise. Aside from that, candidates must conduct research and present their findings. Candidates who have completed an MPhil course may wish to pursue a PhD programme. Those who want to pursue an MPhil programme must first meet the eligibility requirements. The criteria vary by university, but the basic eligibility set is that candidates must have obtained at least 55% in the subject in which they wish to pursue an MPhil degree at the postgraduate level. Candidates for admission to an MPhil course are typically shortlisted based on their performance in an entrance exam, which is followed by a Personal Interview (PI) round.
MPhil syllabus and subjects cover research-based topics and managerial approaches to discern research-based concepts while also preparing students for a lucrative career. The top MPhil entrance examinations are JNUEE, GATE, MPhil Entrance Test (MET), and UGC NET. MPhil specialisations in Psychology, English, History, Economics, Management, and other fields are among the most popular. The Master of Philosophy degree is offered by Jawaharlal Nehru University, Banaras Hindu University, University of Calcutta, University of Hyderabad, and other prestigious institutions. The average MPhil course fee is between INR 1100 and INR 1 lakh. An MPhil course in a government college, on the other hand, costs less than INR 10,000 per year.
Students who successfully complete the MPhil programme may find employment as a teacher, speaker, social worker, editor, research assistant, consultant, assistant professor, scientist, etc. The average MPhil salary in India is INR 4.92 LPA, according to Payscale.
The course highlights of the MPhil Course are given below.
|Full-Form||Master of Philosophy|
|Course Duration||Course Duration of Master of Philosophy (M Phil) is 2 Years.|
|Age||No age limit|
|Eligibility Criteria||A minimum of 55% in any Master's degree is required.|
|Subjects Required||An applicant must have completed M Com / MIB / MHROD / MFC / MBA / MSc / MA or equivalent|
|Average Fees||INR 20,000 to 1 LPA|
|Average Salary||INR 5 – 7 LPA|
|Job Roles||Assistant Professor, Postsecondary / Higher Education, Research Scientist, Quality Control Analyst, Project Manager - Software Development, Psychologist, High School Teacher etc.|
|Employment Areas||Sigma Aldrich Corp, Scientific Publishing Services, High Schools, Colleges and various other Institutions.|
The MPhil degree programme has its own set of advantages and opportunities that set it distinct from other career paths and responsibilities. Some of the most compelling reasons to enroll in MPhil courses are as follows:
MPhils courses are typically completed in a relevant subject in which students have already completed their master's degree. Here are some of the most common MPhil specialisations in India tabulated below:
|Course||MPhil in Psychology||MPhil in English||MPhil in Management||MPhil in Education||MPhil in Economics||MPhil in Clinical Psychology|
MPhil in Psychology is a 1–2-year postgraduate programme in psychology. However, the MPhil programme can be prolonged for an additional year. This course will assist you in gaining a deeper understanding of the human mind and behaviour.
The MPhil in Psychology programme covers topics including social development, human growth, and its impact on the environment, among others.
|MPhil in English is a two-year postgraduate programme for students interested in gaining a thorough understanding of the English language and literature. MPhil themes in English include Elizabethan, Jacobean, and other periods.||A Master of Philosophy in Management is a postgraduate degree in management that lasts one year. Candidates who have received a 55 percent on their master's degree can enrol in the course.||MPhil in Education is a one-year postgraduate programme that teaches applicants research skills and provides them with a working understanding of the literature relevant to their field of study.|
MPhil Economics is a one-year postgraduate academic programme in economics.
Contemporary Economic Issues, Issues in Indian Economy, and other topics are covered in the MPhil in Economics programme.
|MPhil in Clinical Psychology is a two-year postgraduate course that teaches us about human psychology and how it affects our mood, behaviour, and emotional states.|
|Duration||2 Years||2 Years||1 Year||1 Year||1 Year||2 Years|
|Admission Process||Merit-based or Entrance-Based.||Merit-based or Entrance-Based.||Merit-based or Entrance-Based.||Entrance-Based.|
|Merit or entrance based|
|Entrance Examination||JNUEE, UGC NET, GATE, etc||RET, UGC NET, GATE, etc||UGC NET, GATE, CUET etc||UGC NET, CUET etc|
UGC NET, SLET etc
|BHU RET, CUET, NPAT, AMU Entrance Exams|
|Top Colleges||Savitribai Phule Pune University, University of Madras, etc.||The University of Hyderabad, Calcutta University and Mumbai University||RKDF University, DY Patil University, CMJ University.||Annamalai University, Christ University, Savitribai Phule Pune.||Jamia Millia Islamia, Mumbai University, etc.||Government Medical and college, Chandigarh, etc|
|Syllabus||Philosophy of research, Psychotherapy, Psychological testing A, etc||Mechanics of Research, Critical Essays, etc||Advances in Management, Strategic Management, etc||Paradigms in Educational Research, Grounded Theory, Ethnography, etc||Econometric Methods, Probability Distribution and Testing of Hypothesis, Etc||Biological Foundations of Behavior, Behavioral Medicine, etc|
|Average Course Fee||INR 2,000 – 2 LPA||INR 10,000 - INR 2 LPA|
INR 20,000 - INR 2 LPA
|INR 80,000 PA||INR 1 LPA||INR 25 LPA - INR 20 LPA|
|Average Salary||INR 3 LPA – 8 LPA||INR 48 LPA|
INR 5 LPA - INR 9 LPA
|INR 5 LPA - INR 6 LPA||INR 5LPA - INR 6 LPA||INR 15 LPA - INR 4 LPA|
|Job Profiles||Child psychologist, Psychologist, Psychology consultant, etc.||Assistant Professor, News Writer / Editor, etc|
Economist, Consultant in Management, etc
|Project Fellow, Project Officers, Guest Lecturer. etc||Economist, Assistant Professor, Risk Advisor, etc.||Clinical data analyst, Counseling officer, etc.|
Other popular MPhil Specializations besides the six listed above are:
|MPhil (Physical Education)||MPhil Sociology|
|MPhil in Law||MPhil Social Work|
|MPhil Physics||MPhil Math|
|MPhil Computer Science||MPhil Chemistry|
|MPhil History||MPhil in Sociology|
|MPhil in Human Development Studies||MPhil in Applied and Regional Economics|
|MPhil in Life Sciences||MPhil Botany|
|MPhil Biotechnology||MPhil Commerce|
|MPhil in Human Development Studies||-|
In India, the MPhil degree programme lasts two years and is divided into four semesters. In the MPhil course programme, students can choose from a variety of options to suit their professional goals. MPhil degree programmes are either research-based or coursework-based, with a focus on research findings and the development of pedagogy in both theoretical and practical frameworks. Students are given a research-oriented skill set that prepares them for a variety of research and academic MPhil jobs, as well as industry demands. Almost every private and public institution in India offers an MPhil degree programme, making it widely accessible to students.
Some of the most popular MPhil courses programmes in India are listed below:
Popular MPhil Humanities Course
This MPhil course programme is a nine-month programme that runs from October to June every year. The Cambridge Digital Humanities is in charge of it, and it has links to a wide range of faculties and departments at Cambridge MPhil Courses in Humanities:
|MPhil History||MPhil Economics||MPhil Linguistics|
|MPhil English||MPhil in Geography||MPhil in Sociology|
|MPhil in Political Science||MPhil Hindi||MPhil Public Administration|
|MPhil in Humanities & Social Science||MPhil in Human Development Studies||MPhil Social Work|
|MPhil in Applied and Regional Economics||MPhil + PhD in Arts|
Popular MPhil Science Courses
It is a postgraduate programme that lasts at least one year. It's a degree that falls in between a master's and a doctorate. Some of the most popular MPhil course programmes in science are listed below:
|MPhil in Biology||MPhil in Chemistry||MPhil Physics|
|MPhil in Life Sciences||MPhil Biotechnology||MPhil Botany|
|MPhil in Computer Science||MPhil in Zoology||MPhil in Clinical Psychology|
|MPhil in Mathematical Sciences||MPhil Degree in Aquatic Biology and Fisheries|
Popular MPhil Commerce Courses
Commerce courses at the undergraduate, graduate, and doctoral levels. Both bachelor's and master's degree programmes are available. Certificate courses such as CA, CS, and CFA are very popular MPhil Commerce courses in India and are also available in part-time mode.
MPhil Eligibility Criteria for admission vary from university to university, but the basic criteria or requirement remains the same for the majority of universities. Those interested in pursuing an MPhil degree must meet the qualifications listed below in order to be considered for MPhil college admission:
Apart from these, some of the colleges' standout MPhil eligibility criteria are as follows:
Note: Candidates must meet all MPhil college eligibility criteria to be accepted for admission to top universities offering an MPhil course.
During the two-year MPhil course curriculum, MPhil syllabus focuses on the theoretical and practical concepts of the research domain. The MPhil subjects list emphasizes the domain subject's origin, development, and scope. Each specialization's MPhil subject list is divided into four semesters.
|MPhil First Year Syllabus|
|Semester I||Semester II|
|Philosophical Foundations of the Subject||Advanced Research Methodology and Research in the Area of Study|
|Analysis and Domain Study||Elective Subject - I|
|Study of Origin and Development of the Subject||Study of Relative Discipline to the Subject of Study|
|MPhil Second Year Syllabus|
|Semester III||Semester IV|
|Computer Applications in the Domain of the Subject||Dissertation|
|Viva- Voce Examination||Elective Subject II|
Admission to MPhil is granted in two ways: merit-based or through an entrance examination. The application process for MPhil varies depending on the admission procedure. However, applicants can apply to their preferred MPhil colleges online. Students must fill out the required information in an online application form on the official website of their respective universities to apply for MPhil courses online.
Candidates can apply for MPhil courses by following the steps outlined below:
Step 1: Check into the application form requirements and deadlines listed by various colleges and universities if you want to an admission to a MPhil programme.
Step 2: Register for the entrance exams required for MPhil admissions at the colleges and universities you want to attend
Step 3: Once confirmed, save the application process for future use. Also, for admission and other important notifications, keep an eye on the exam or the university's official website
Step 4: After appearing and passing the MPhil entrance examination, candidates must fill out an application form for their desired university with personal information such as academic details, entrance examination results, and so on
Step 5: Candidates who successfully meet the university's eligibility requirements are shortlisted for the counselling round (if any) to finalise the admissions process
Step 6: After clearing the counselling session, candidates must pay the university's entrance fee in order to be confirm their admission to the MPhil course
Candidates can apply for MPhil courses by following the steps outlined below:
Step 1: Fill out the online MPhil application form
Step 2: Pay the registration fee and any additional fees if admission is granted based on merit
Step 3: The shortlisted applicants will receive invitations to the subsequent phases of the hiring process, such as individual interviews or counselling
Step 4: Candidates must submit all the required documents and fee in order to confirm their admission to MPhil course
MPhil admission is a hybrid of a merit-based selection procedure and a common entrance test-based admission procedure (as seen across various Universities and MPhil colleges in the country). Students must meet the basic eligibility criteria to be considered for MPhil admission. Also, there may be a quota in certain government MPhil colleges for the selection of candidates for admission to the MPhil course. Application for MPhil admission can be obtained through the college portal or by visiting the admissions office directly.
MPhil admission to the best MPhil colleges and universities is accomplished through various entrance exams administered by national authorities or individual universities. The majority of private universities admit students based on a merit list. The MPhil entrance exams are usually held in the months of May and June each year. However, candidates must keep the following points in mind when applying for MPhil admission.
Some colleges conduct a personal interview round as part of their MPhil admissions selection criteria for applicants who meet the minimum eligibility requirements. In addition to the fundamental eligibility requirements, several other colleges hold the MPhil entrance exam to make sure they choose the best candidate with the broadest possible set of knowledge and abilities. Admissions are only granted to applicants who successfully complete a specific MPhil entrance exam, such as the MPhil Entrance Test, JNUEE, CUET, BHU RET, UGC NET, GATE, etc. for the entrance-based selection process. Ahead of time, the college website posts the admit card and other pertinent information. Students can access their admissions results via email or the college portal.
The basic MPhil eligibility criteria for most MPhil colleges in India is merit-based selection followed by a personal interview. Most MPhil colleges, however, use an entrance-based selection process to find the best candidate for the MPhil course. Students must prepare for the MPhil entrance exam in accordance with all requirements. Aspirants should closely examine previous years' question paper patterns and prepare thoroughly. The following colleges in India have MPhil entrance exams:
The standard pattern for the MPhil entrance exam is as follows:
Many students wonder what the scope of an MPhil degree is. MPhil subjects are spread across a wide range of specialisations, each of which offers students a specific area of research based on their desire and interest. Within the first year, MPhil syllabus begins to focus on the research aspect of each specialisation. Some of the MPhil specialisations available to students are listed below:
|MPhil Specialization||Syllabus /Subjects|
|MPhil in Psychology|
Research Methodology A and B
Psychological Testing A and B
Qualitative Research Methods
Biological Foundation About Mental Health
|MPhil in English|
Research of Identifications and Types of Problems
Documenting and Listing of the Works Cited
Learning the modes of writing
|MPhil in Economics|
Advances in Macroeconomic and Microeconomics Theory
Development and Trade Dynamics
|MPhil in Education|
Understanding the Social context of education
The understanding of Political, Higher Education
The course syllabus also includes One written assignment and one seminar or book review per course
|MPhil in Management|
Financial Markets and Its Derivatives
Latest trends in HRM and OB
Before selecting a stream, students must compare alternative courses. As a result, some of the courses have been compared to the MPhil course. Many students are unsure whether they should pursue a PhD degree first or first pursue an MPhil degree. Both degrees are research-based, with the PhD leading to a Doctorate and the MPhil leading to a Postgraduate qualification.
The following are the main distinctions between them:
|Description||To enable a student to master a specific subject while also providing more relevant information for future research.||To give the student the opportunity to add something new to their existing knowledge.|
|Full-Form||Master of Philosophy||Doctor of Philosophy|
|Course Duration||1.5-2 years||3-4 years (can extend up to 5 years)|
|Coursework||Balance of theoretical subjects as well as experiments.||2-3 theoretical subjects with a strong emphasis on experiments and research methodology.|
|Eligibility Criteria||Graduation from any college/university with a minimum of 55% (relaxation for reserved category candidates) at the undergraduate level.||In PG, general candidates received 55% of the vote. In PG, the SC/ST/OBC/specially-abled category received 45%.|
|Admission Process||Merit-based (based on PG percentage)/ Entrance Examination-based||Merit-based/Entrance Exam (Based on MPhil or equivalent percentage)|
|Average Annual Fee||INR 30,000 -1 LPA||INR 50,000-2 LPA|
|Top Colleges||Jawaharlal Nehru University, Banaras Hindu University, University of Hyderabad, Calcutta University, Savitribai Phule Pune University, etc||Indian Institute of Technology Madras- [IITM], Chennai, Indian Institute of Science, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi- [IITD], New Delhi, Indian Institute of Technology Bombay- [IITB], Mumbai, Indian Institute of Technology - [IIT], Kharagpur, etc|
|Average Salary||INR 5-6 LPA||INR 4-15 LPA|
|Job Profiles||Civil Servant, Assistant Professor, Economist, Author, Journalist, Researcher, etc||University professors, Industrial R&D Lab professionals, Start-Up mentors, Authors, Senior research scientist, etc|
The MPhil colleges in India are listed below, along with their average annual fees (INR):
|MPhil College List||MPhil Fee (Average)|
|Jawaharlal Nehru University - [JNU], New Delhi||INR 1391|
|National Institute of Educational Planning and Administration - [NIEPA], New Delhi||INR 18,500|
|Jamia Millia Islamia||INR 1100|
|Jamia Hamdard University||INR 25,000|
|Mumbai University - [Mu], Mumbai||INR 13,180|
|Tata Institute of Social Sciences, Mumbai||INR 175,000-INR 206,000|
|Amity University, Mumbai||INR 387,000|
|D.T.S.S. College Of Commerce Malad, Mumbai||INR 35,000|
|University of Hyderabad||INR 1600|
|Savitribai Phule Pune University||INR 3,000|
|Christ University||INR 30,000|
|RVS Institute Of Management Studies And Research - RVSIMSR, Coimbatore||INR 14,100|
According to NIRF 2021, the following are some of the top MPhil colleges in India.
|NIRF Ranking 2021||College/University Name||Admission Process||MPhil Course Fees (INR)|
|2||Jawaharlal Nehru University||Entrances-Based||INR 1,391|
|3||Banaras Hindu University||Entrances-Based||INR 3,256|
|6||University of Hyderabad||Entrances-Based||INR 8,670|
|7||Calcutta University||Entrances-Based||INR 4,400|
|9||Savitribai Phule Pune University||Entrances-Based||INR 3,500|
Every state has the same entry requirements for the MPhil degree. MPhil admission is determined using both the merit list and the entrance examination. In the merit list admission procedure, colleges and universities rely heavily on applicants' qualifying exam results. Several colleges and institutions, however, require students to take an MPhil admission exam in order to be admitted to an MPhil degree programme. The results of the students' entrance exams are used to determine MPhil admission.
An MPhil fee varies depending on the college or school. An MPhil course fee typically costs between INR 20,000 and INR 1,00,000. (annually). Candidates who fall into one of the reserved category groups or quotas also receive a grant from each college/university.
The most important requirement for studying MPhil courses in foreign countries is a stellar academic record. Candidates must have passed their postgraduate level exam with a minimum percentage of 60-80 percent from a reputable university. Candidates must also achieve at least a 70% in their higher secondary level examinations (65 percent in math and English).
Some MPhil abroad study general information is provided below:
MPhil Eligibility Criteria Abroad
The following are the most important MPhil eligibility criteria abroad:
These are some of the most important criteria; however, depending on its needs, the MPhil college may add additional eligibility criteria.
MPhil Top Colleges Abroad
The best MPhil colleges are listed below, along with the average MPhil fees:
|College/University Names||Average MPhil Fees|
|University of Cambridge||INR 28,28,240- INR 37,01,504|
|University of London||INR 11,30,663-INR 16,44,601|
|University of Manchester||INR 20,04,421|
|University of Greenwich||INR 15,93,374|
|Oxford University||INR 25,13,557|
|Australian National University||INR 220,573 (Per Unit Course)|
|University of Sydney||INR 2,317,241|
|University of Melbourne||INR 2,397,406|
|AUT University||INR 20,28,037|
|Massey University||INR 814,666|
|Victoria University of Wellington||INR 23,71,622|
Finally, as a broad field, MPhil has a lot to offer. It does, however, necessitate hard work, thorough planning, and the ability to choose the best option. Given the significance of an MPhil degree, aspirants should choose the best MPhil college that emphasizes both theoretical and experiential postulates.
This degree programmes provide numerous lucrative MPhil career opportunities in law, academic research, the private corporate sector, national organisations, human services, and other fields. MPhil degree graduates who do not want to work can pursue additional research opportunities through a PhD. Both the public and private sectors provide opportunities for advancement after completing an MPhil course. MPhil job opportunities are available in a variety of fields, including research organisations, academic institutions, law firms, corporate industries, national organisations, and so on. The MPhil degree programme is extremely diverse. After earning an MPhil degree, you are eligible for a variety of jobs and other MPhil career opportunities in almost every field.
The following are some of the more common opportunities that provide a career path for MPhil with courses:
Candidates who complete MPhil courses have job opportunities in their field of study such as Civil Services, Archaeology, Economics, and so on. Following completion of MPhil courses, the majority of MPhil graduates pursue research or teaching positions.
The table below shows some of the major MPhil job profiles available after completing an MPhil in India:
|Job Profile||Job Description||Average Salary (INR)|
|Civil Servant||Working in civil services entails implementing, formulating, and carrying out government policy in the public domain.||INR 8 LPA|
|Economist||An Economist is responsible for interpreting market dynamics in terms of economic principles.||INR 9 LPA|
|NGO Worker||An NGO worker can work in a variety of areas of public policy implementation to improve the accessibility of the government's scheme.||INR 3.5 LPA|
|Academic Researcher||Researchers perform a variety of functions such as public policy analysis, academic research, pattern analysis, and data analysis.||INR 6 LPA|
|Assistant Professor||This would entail a regular teaching job involving college-level students. There are numerous options available in both the private and public sectors.||INR 7 LPA|
MPhil freshers can find employment in a variety of fields. The MPhil course develops an individual's ability to fact-check and read intensively, making them qualified for MPhil jobs that require a time-consuming process of proofreading and cross-checking. The MPhil scope for jobs is also expanded, with a greater sense of legitimacy in terms of research potential. Some MPhil job opportunities include teacher, research assistant, assistant professor, editor, consultant, and so on. Candidates who do not want to work right away after graduation can apply for further research in the form of a PhD.
Aspirants interested in pursuing an MPhil course programme must be passionate about their chosen subject. Aside from that, candidates who wish to pursue an MPhil degree must be extremely hardworking and dedicated.
The following are some key skills that an make an aspirant the best MPhil degree graduate:
|Good Analytical Skills||Good Reasoning Skills|
|Inquisitive||Good at Research|
|Good Writing Capacity||Organised|
According to Payscale, the average MPhil salary in India is INR 7.7 LPA. Many factors are considered when determining an MPhil salary, including the individual's experience, education, and skill set. Publishing houses, social services, universities, research organisations, law firms, newspapers, and other sectors have created MPhil job opportunities. MPhil degree programmes are available in both public and private organisations.
MPhil is a research-based degree, and students who want to stay in the field of research and academic teaching can pursue advanced studies in any of the above subjects. This will not only improve their subject knowledge but will also provide them with advanced academic opportunities. Candidates with a Master of Philosophy degree in the subject of specialisation have numerous options, both nationally and internationally. The research work done in the programme may qualify a candidate to pursue a doctorate (PhD) in the relevant subject or course. Candidates can begin looking for Mphil jobs in various organisations and educational institutions related to the area of work in which they have completed their specialisation.
Graduates can find MPhil job opportunities in a variety of settings and organisations. Freshers can find MPhil jobs in a variety of specialisations. An MPhil course can lead to a variety of career paths, including consultancies, research organisations, academic institutions, private industries, government organisations, law firms, and so on. Lecturer, Consultant, Scientist, Teacher, Assistant Professor, Quality Control Expert, Editor, Research Assistant, and other MPhil jobs for freshers are available. If students do not want to pursue MPhil jobs right away, they can pursue further research in the form of a PhD. According to Payscale, the average MPhil salary in India is INR 4.9 LPA. After an MPhil degree, many students pursue a PhD which is a Doctor of Philosophy (or PhD) a 3–5-year research degree in which students create their own thesis and defend it in front of industry elite and reputed people. Many MPhil course students prefer to pursue PhD studies to advance in their research careers because it serves as a bridge between the master's and PhD programmes.
After completing this MPhil degree, the students can work in the following positions in India:
An MPhil comes after an MSc or MA in the academic hierarchy. It's the highest level of Masters qualification you can obtain and involves a research project that is even more extensive than that required for a taught Masters degree.
One can pursue an MPhil in subjects like:
MPhil coursework necessitates a significant amount of research, time, and dedication. Furthermore, if you have taken a course in which you have a genuine interest and want to go the distance, you will find the coursework enjoyable to complete.
Students pursuing an MPhil receive a monthly stipend. Some universities have fellowship programmes for MPhil students.
According to the UGC guidelines, the candidate cannot complete the MPhil via correspondence.