Medical Laboratory Technology or MLT Course focuses on teaching students to perform laboratory investigations relating to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. It is an undergraduate degree program with a course duration of 3 years, usually pursued by students after completing their 10+2 or its equivalent. Students wishing to pursue an MLT Course are required to analyze human fluids, like Blood, Urine, Stool, Sputum, Synovial- fluid, Cerebro-spinal fluid, etc. under microscopic examinations to aid doctors in diagnosing the disease correctly. MLT Course admissions are conducted through entrance examinations such as JEE main, JEE advanced, JNUEE, etc. In order to ace these entrance examinations for MLT Course admissions, candidates may check out MLT Course Subjects to get a clear understanding of the course structure.
All interested students to pursue a degree in MLT Course can do worry either via classroom learning or distance education. However, it is important to keep in mind that all institutes offer different course options for admission to MLT, depending on their individual factors. Some of the top colleges to offer MLT Courses are Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Jamia Hamdard University, King’s George Medical University, Christian Medical College, Government Medical College, etc. MLT Course Fee may range from anywhere between INR 20,000 to INR 4,00,000. Students who graduate from the MLT course can find jobs in CT scan technician, MRI Technician, Pathology Technician, Optical Laboratory Technician, Dental Machine Technician, X-ray Technicians, Laboratory Technician, Medical Officer, Radiology Technician, Laboratory Manager, Research Associate, and more.
Mentioned below in the table are the important highlights of MLT course degree, comprising all the necessary information for a student to understand the course detail, its scope, and opportunities:
|Course Title||Medical Laboratory Technology|
|Alternatively Known As||MLT Course|
|MLT Course Duration|
|MLT Course Eligibility||Students with a minimum score of 50% in 10+2 from a recognized board of education in the science stream|
|MLT Course Admission|
Entrance exam based
|Examination Type||Semester based exams are conducted|
|MLT Course Fee (Average)||INR 20,000 to INR 4,00,000 annually.|
|MLT Course Salary (Average)||INR 2,00,000 to INR 6,00,000 per annum|
|Popular Job Roles|
|Top Recruiting Companies|
A course in Medical Laboratory Technology is a good choice for students who want to pursue a career in the field of medical sciences. The basic utility of clinical diagnostic testing majorly relies on the validity of the test methodology. To be precise, the work responsibilities of a medical laboratory scientist include ensuring specimen quality, data-logging, performing calibration, interpreting test results, validation, testing control products, maintenance, and troubleshooting of instrumentation. Thus, the role of medical laboratory scientists is always in demand in various health centres, hospitals and nursing homes, to ensure fulfillment of all of the above-mentioned responsibilities.
Students wishing to pursue a degree in MLT Course have to appear for the entrance examinations required to qualify for the first round of admission procedure. Upon the successful completion of the same, shortlisted candidates are then further selected for the final rounds of the admission process. MLT Course duration is of 3 years, and students after graduating the same are eligible to opt for high-paying career prospects in the private as well as government sectors.
The scope in MLT courses in the field of allied health services is significantly high. Some of the reasons for students to choose MLT courses are mentioned below in detail:
Students who want to pursue a degree in the Medical Laboratory Technology course, are required to satisfy all the eligibility criteria to successfully complete the admission process. All eligible candidates should have completed their Class 10 and 12, or their equivalent from a recognized board, with a Science Background. The minimum required age criteria is 17 years of age.
Students who want to build a career in the medical field can pursue a course in Medical Laboratory Technology after their 10+2 or its equivalent. Anybody with an interest in modern science and technologies can pursue a MLT Course, securing high-paying job roles after graduating the same. An MLT course graduate can find job roles such as CT scan technician, MRI Technician, Pathology Technician, Optical Laboratory Technician, Dental Machine Technician, X-ray Technicians, Laboratory Technician, Medical Officer, Radiology Technician, Laboratory Manager, Research Associate, and more.
MLT courses can be divided into three categories:
The eligibility criteria for MLT courses are different for different course types. While some of the courses can be pursued right after Class 10, others require a minimum of Class 12 qualification or its equivalent. However, the general eligibility requirements of MLT courses for each course level can be understood from the following table:
The first and foremost criteria for admission to the MLT course is to secure the required percentage in 10+2 or its equivalent, and qualify the entrance examinations. In order to apply for admission, candidates are required to visit the official websites of the institutes they desire to apply for, and fill in the application form for admission. Candidates must pay the admission fee to successfully complete the admission process, and keep all the paperwork ready when applying. The selection process for MLT Course admissions will be done based on the marks obtained by each candidate in the entrance examination. Students can find out the outcome of the process by visiting the official website of the college.
MLT Course entrance exams are conducted by the institutes for admission to various courses. The total marks of the question paper is 100, and all questions are usually in both MCQ and Subjective formats. The question paper contains the following sections: Qualitative Ability, Communicative Ability, Logical Ability, General Knowledge and Current affairs and Science related subjects.
Some of the popular MLT Course entrance exams are listed below:
MLT course subjects contain all the knowledge of the important topics and concepts about Medicine, Hospitals, and different theories, vital to study the Medical Laboratory Technology course. The course is widely divided into core subjects and elective subjects. Mentioned below in the table are some of the important subjects required to be studied in MLT courses categorized into year-wise divisions:
|Immunohematology and Blood Banking||Parasitology and Virology|
|Histopathology and Histotechniques||Immunology and Serology|
|Human Physiology||PC Software Lab|
|Communication Lab||Human Anatomy|
|Clinical Enzymology and Automation||Principles of Lab Management and Medical Ethics|
|Health Education and Health Communication||Bio-Medical Waste Management|
|Clinical Enzymology||Diagnostic Cytology|
|Clinical Endocrinology and Toxicology||Diagnostic Molecular Biology|
|Advanced Diagnostic Techniques|
First Year MLT Course Syllabus
|Human anatomy-I||Human Physiology-I||Human Physiology II||Biochemistry II|
|Biochemistry-I||Health Education & Health Communication||Bio-Medical Waste Management||Practical: Human Physiology-II|
|Human Physiology Lab-I||Human Anatomy Lab-I||Human Anatomy-II||Practical: Biochemistry-I|
|PC Software Lab||Biochemistry Lab-I|
Second Year MLT Course Syllabus
|Pathology-I||Clinical Haematology-I||Pathology-II||Clinical Haematology-II|
|Microbiology-I||Microbiology, Immunology & Serology-I Lab||Microbiology-II||Immunology & Serology-II|
|Immunology & Serology-I||Histopathology & Histotechniques-I||Histopathology & Histotechniques-II||Clinical Haematology Lab-II|
|Clinical Haematology Lab-I||Histopathology & Histotechniques-I Lab||Microbiology, Immunology & Serology lab-II||Histopathology & Histotechniques Lab-II|
Third Year MLT Course Syllabus
|Immunohematology & Blood Banking||Clinical Enzymology & Automation||Clinical Endocrinology||Advanced Diagnostic Techniques|
|Parasitology & Virology||Diagnostic Cytology||Diagnostic Molecular Biology||Clinical Endocrinology|
|Principles of Lab Management & medical Ethics||Clinical Enzymology Lab||Advanced Diagnostic Techniques Lab||Diagnostic Molecular Biology Lab|
|Parasitology & Virology Lab||Diagnostic Cytology|
MLT course is offered by many reputed colleges and universities across the country. Some of these colleges with the courses offered are listed below:
|College/ University||MLT Course Offered|
|All India Institute of Public and Physical Health Sciences||Certificate Course in Medical Laboratory Technology|
|Bidar Institute of Medical Science|
|GMR Varalakshmi Community College|
|Jaya College of Art and Science|
|Sardar Patel University||Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology|
|Government Polytechnic, Lisana|
|DIPS College, Nainital|
|Rajeev Gandhi College, Bhopal|
|Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata|
|Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal||Bachelor in Medical Laboratory Technology|
|Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi|
|King’s George Medical University , Lucknow|
|SRM Institute of Technology, Tamil Nadu|
|Chandigarh University, Chandigarh|
|Government Medical College, Kerala|
|Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bangalore|
|Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai||Masters in Medical Laboratory Technology|
|Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi|
|Saveetha Medical College, Chennai|
|Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal|
|Chandigarh University, Chandigarh|
The scope of MLT is not only limited to India when it comes to better carrer opportunities with lucrative salary packages. Studying MLT abroad necessarily implies that a student could gain access to the best programs and facilities the world has to offer. MLT courses aren’t offered in many countries, so therefore, some of the popular universities and colleges abroad which offer MLT courses abroad are listed below:
A detailed structure of the Radiology course fee is mentioned below for different courses, along with their average course fee for both private and government colleges:
|Course Type||Average MLT Course Fee|
|For Undergraduate Courses||INR 2,00,000 to 5,00,000|
|For Post-Graduate||INR 8,00,000 to 11,00,000|
|For Certificate Courses||INR 23,00,000|
|For Diploma Courses||INR 30,00,000|
Some of the essential skills required for MLT Courses are mentioned below:
The demand for medical laboratory technicians or technologists in India is considerably high, enough to support a wide range of applications and specialisations. Moreover, the MLT scope in India is likely to continue to rise in the coming years.
The healthcare industry is growing almost at a rate of 18% annually. Therefore, trained technicians are needed all over the country.
There are many career options available for students who graduate in Medical Laboratory Technology. A candidate can work at various profiles after completing MLT courses. Some of the popular job profiles along with their job description are tabulated below:
|Job Profiles||Job Description|
|Lab Technician||A lab technician works in a laboratory performing analytical or experimental procedures, maintaining lab equipment.|
|Medical Record Technician||A Medical Record Technician maintains medical records operations by following policies and procedures, reporting needed changes. They also initiate medical record by searching master patient index, ensure medical record availability by routing records to emergency departments, etc.|
|Lab Assistant||A Lab Assistant take notes, records data and results, and organizes documentation and data transfer to computer formats. They organize and maintain lab storage, samples, etc. Lab Assistants follow all health and safety regulations when handling laboratory specimens. They identify and label samples and prepare equipment and workspace.|
|Laboratory Manager||The Lab Manager's responsibilities involve conduct testing in a timely manner, personally reviewing any abnormal results to find the root of the irregularity, etc. The laboratory quality manager also hires and manages staffs, ensuring all employees are receiving proper training.|
|Anaesthesia Technician||Anaesthesia Technicians help anaesthesiologists or other medical staff in cleaning, preparing and maintaining anaesthesia equipment for use in a surgical procedure.|
|MRI Technician||MRI Technicians run MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scanners at hospitals and diagnostic facilities, working directly with patients and explaining to them what to expect and understand from the results, giving drugs to patients for better contrast on scanned images.|
|Pathology Technician||Pathology Technicians perform lab tests on human cells, fluids and tissues to diagnose illnesses. They also assist pathologists and work with chemicals and lab machinery.|
|CT Scan Technician||They use Computerised Tomography (CT) scanners to produce cross-sectional images of the internal organs of a patient to detect medical issues.|
|X-ray Technician||X-ray Technicians work on imaging methods by using cutting-edge technology to view the inside of the human body, create pictures to help physicians diagnose and treat injuries or health complications.|
|Operation Theatre technician||They maintain and prepares the operation theatre and the necessary equipment for operations. They also assist surgical and anaesthetic teams during operations and provide support to patients in recovery.|
Listed below are popular roles that B.Sc MLT graduates start with:
The annual salary of the various job profiles available to candidates who have completed an MLT course depends on various factors like recruiting organizations, work experience, qualifications, etc. However, the average annual salary of popular job profiles can be understood from the following table:
|Job Profiles||Average Annual Salary (INR)|
|Lab Technician||2 LPA|
|Medical Record Technician||4LPA|
|CT Scan Technician||3LPA|
|Operation Theatre Technician||3LPA|
Some of the top recruiting agencies for MLT course graduates are listed below:
CMLT is the course of Certificate in Medical Laboratory Technology which can be pursued after class 10th.
The starting salary of an MLT graduate can be INR 30,000 per month which can rise up to 50,000 with an increase in experience.
No, only the candidates who have passed class 12th can apply for the DMLT course.
The duration of DMLT in India is 2 years.
To be eligible for MLT bachelor level courses, a candidate must have completed 12th with science subjects and with a minimum of 50% marks from a recognized board.