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    MLT course

    MLT Course Overview

    Medical Laboratory Technology or MLT Course focuses on teaching students to perform laboratory investigations relating to the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease. It is an undergraduate degree program with a course duration of 3 years, usually pursued by students after completing their 10+2 or its equivalent. Students wishing to pursue an MLT Course are required to analyze human fluids, like Blood, Urine, Stool, Sputum, Synovial- fluid, Cerebro-spinal fluid, etc. under microscopic examinations to aid doctors in diagnosing the disease correctly. MLT Course admissions are conducted through entrance examinations such as JEE main, JEE advanced, JNUEE, etc. In order to ace these entrance examinations for MLT Course admissions, candidates may check out MLT Course Subjects to get a clear understanding of the course structure. 

    All interested students to pursue a degree in MLT Course can do worry either via classroom learning or distance education. However, it is important to keep in mind that all institutes offer different course options for admission to MLT, depending on their individual factors. Some of the top colleges to offer MLT Courses are Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Jamia Hamdard University, King’s George Medical University, Christian Medical College, Government Medical College, etc. MLT Course Fee may range from anywhere between INR 20,000 to INR 4,00,000. Students who graduate from the MLT course can find jobs in CT scan technician, MRI Technician, Pathology Technician, Optical Laboratory Technician, Dental Machine Technician, X-ray Technicians, Laboratory Technician, Medical Officer, Radiology Technician, Laboratory Manager, Research Associate, and more.

    MLT Course Highlights

    Mentioned below in the table are the important highlights of MLT course degree, comprising all the necessary information for a student to understand the course detail, its scope, and opportunities:

    Course TitleMedical Laboratory Technology
    Alternatively Known As MLT Course 
    MLT Course Duration

    3 years


    MLT Course EligibilityStudents with a minimum score of 50% in 10+2 from a recognized board of education in the science stream
    MLT Course Admission

    Entrance exam based


    Examination TypeSemester based exams are conducted
    MLT Course Fee (Average) INR 20,000 to INR 4,00,000 annually.
    MLT Course Salary (Average)INR 2,00,000 to INR 6,00,000 per annum
    Popular Job Roles
    • Medical Technician
    • Lab Technician
    • Technical Executives
    • X-Ray Technicians
    • R&D Lab Technicians.
    Top Recruiting Companies
    • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)
    • Forensic Science Laboratory
    • Apollo
    • Batra Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Delhi
    • Columbia Asia Referral Hospital
    • Manipal Hospital
    • Fortis
    • Lilavati Hospital, Mumbai
    • Paramount Health Services
    • Cactus Global

    MLT Course Details

    A course in Medical Laboratory Technology is a good choice for students who want to pursue a career in the field of medical sciences. The basic utility of clinical diagnostic testing majorly relies on the validity of the test methodology. To be precise, the work responsibilities of a medical laboratory scientist include ensuring specimen quality, data-logging, performing calibration, interpreting test results, validation, testing control products, maintenance, and troubleshooting of instrumentation. Thus, the role of medical laboratory scientists is always in demand in various health centres, hospitals and nursing homes, to ensure fulfillment of all of the above-mentioned responsibilities. 

    Students wishing to pursue a degree in MLT Course have to appear for the entrance examinations required to qualify for the first round of admission procedure. Upon the successful completion of the same, shortlisted candidates are then further selected for the final rounds of the admission process. MLT Course duration is of 3 years, and students after graduating the same are eligible to opt for high-paying career prospects in the private as well as government sectors. 

    Why Choose MLT?

    The scope in MLT courses in the field of allied health services is significantly high. Some of the reasons for students to choose MLT courses are mentioned below in detail:

    • Growing need in the healthcare industry: The healthcare industry is growing almost at a rate of 18% annually. Therefore, trained technicians are needed all over the world. Also, the onset of multiple and complicated diseases growing in the world due to changing lifestyles has created a huge demand for skilled MLT professionals.
    • Multiple work opportunities: Once a student gets a degree in MLT, he/ she gets exposed to an ocean of opportunities in global job markets. They can work in hospitals, clinics, laboratories, pathology labs, blood and organ banks, diagnostic centres, etc.
    • Opportunities to work abroad: The international medical industry has a huge demand for allied health science professionals, especially MLT professionals. Therefore, the career opportunities available abroad for MLT graduates are enormous. The salary package offered abroad is high and the work environment is even much better.
    • High salary packages: With the increase in demand for MLT professionals in the healthcare industry, the salary packages offered to them are pretty decent. They are valued for their skills and recruiting organizations are ready to pay excellent salary packages for the right candidates.
    • Flexibility at the workplace: Medical Laboratory Technicians work in a wide range of facilities including hospitals, clinics, laboratories, pathology labs, diagnostic centres and more. Candidates can choose to work in a setting that they enjoy the most. Depending on the organization, they can also choose the schedule for working according to their needs such as weekdays, nights or even weekends.

    When to do an MLT Course?

    Students who want to pursue a degree in the Medical Laboratory Technology course, are required to satisfy all the eligibility criteria to successfully complete the admission process. All eligible candidates should have completed their Class 10 and 12, or their equivalent from a recognized board, with a Science Background. The minimum required age criteria is 17 years of age. 

    Who Should Pursue a MLT Course?

    Students who want to build a career in the medical field can pursue a course in Medical Laboratory Technology after their 10+2 or its equivalent. Anybody with an interest in modern science and technologies can pursue a MLT Course, securing high-paying job roles after graduating the same. An MLT course graduate can find job roles such as CT scan technician, MRI Technician, Pathology Technician, Optical Laboratory Technician, Dental Machine Technician, X-ray Technicians, Laboratory Technician, Medical Officer, Radiology Technician, Laboratory Manager, Research Associate, and more.

    Types of MLT Course

    MLT courses can be divided into three categories:

    • Certificate Courses: It is a short term course with a duration of 3 to 6 months which varies from one institution to another, depending on various factors. It focuses on topics such as prevention, diagnosis and treatment of diseases through a clinical laboratory test.
    • Diploma courses: Also known as DMLT, it is a 2 years programme that can usually be completed after passing class 12th. It is a paramedical course that focuses on diagnosing, treating, and preventing disease using clinical laboratory and other physical tests.
    • Degree courses: These include all the bachelor’s and master's degrees in MLT. A Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT) is one of the most preferred courses by the students, which is a 3 years degree program. While pursuing this course, students can get specialization in many areas such as microbiology, haematology, pathology, clinical chemistry, immune pathology, biomedical techniques, virology, radiology, bacteriology, genetics, cytopathology, serology, histology, coagulation, toxicology, etc. A Master in Medical Lab Technology is a 2 year PG programme that includes fascinating subjects like molecular biology, human anatomy and physiology, etc.

    MLT Courses Eligibility Criteria

    The eligibility criteria for MLT courses are different for different course types. While some of the courses can be pursued right after Class 10, others require a minimum of Class 12 qualification or its equivalent. However, the general eligibility requirements of MLT courses for each course level can be understood from the following table:

    • All candidates must have completed Class 10 and Class 12 with a minimum of 50% marks in aggregate.
    • All candidates must have PCM or PCB as their core subjects in Class 12 or its equivalent. 
    • All candidates must have qualified for the entrance exams for admission to MLT Courses.
    • For admission to MLT PG Courses, all candidates must have a Bachelor’s degree in MLT with at least 50%-55% marks from a recognized university.

    MLT Course Admission

    The first and foremost criteria for admission to the MLT course is to secure the required percentage in 10+2 or its equivalent, and qualify the entrance examinations. In order to apply for admission, candidates are required to visit the official websites of the institutes they desire to apply for, and fill in the application form for admission. Candidates must pay the admission fee to successfully complete the admission process, and keep all the paperwork ready when applying. The selection process for MLT Course admissions will be done based on the marks obtained by each candidate in the entrance examination. Students can find out the outcome of the process by visiting the official website of the college.

    MLT Course Entrance Exams

    MLT Course entrance exams are conducted by the institutes for admission to various courses. The total marks of the question paper is 100, and all questions are usually in both MCQ and Subjective formats. The question paper contains the following sections: Qualitative Ability, Communicative Ability, Logical Ability, General Knowledge and Current affairs and Science related subjects.

    Some of the popular MLT Course entrance exams are listed below:

    • AIIMS Paramedical
    • NEET
    • JIPMER Paramedical
    • JNUEE
    • PGIMER Paramedical
    • JEE
    • BCECE Paramedical

    MLT Course Subjects

    MLT course subjects contain all the knowledge of the important topics and concepts about Medicine, Hospitals, and different theories, vital to study the Medical Laboratory Technology course. The course is widely divided into core subjects and elective subjects. Mentioned below in the table are some of the important subjects required to be studied in MLT courses categorized into year-wise divisions: 

    BiochemistryClinical Haematology
    Immunohematology and Blood BankingParasitology and Virology
    Histopathology and HistotechniquesImmunology and Serology
    Human PhysiologyPC Software Lab
    Communication LabHuman Anatomy
    Clinical Enzymology and AutomationPrinciples of Lab Management and Medical Ethics
    Health Education and Health CommunicationBio-Medical Waste Management
    Clinical EnzymologyDiagnostic Cytology
    Clinical Endocrinology and Toxicology Diagnostic Molecular Biology
    Advanced Diagnostic Techniques

    Bachelor of Medical Laboratory Technology (BMLT) Syllabus

    First Year MLT Course Syllabus 

    Semester I

    Semester II

    Human anatomy-IHuman Physiology-IHuman Physiology IIBiochemistry II
    Biochemistry-IHealth Education & Health CommunicationBio-Medical Waste ManagementPractical: Human Physiology-II
    Human Physiology Lab-IHuman Anatomy Lab-IHuman Anatomy-IIPractical: Biochemistry-I
    PC Software LabBiochemistry Lab-I

    Communication Lab


    Second Year MLT Course Syllabus 

    Semester III

    Semester IV

    Pathology-IClinical Haematology-IPathology-IIClinical Haematology-II
    Microbiology-IMicrobiology, Immunology & Serology-I LabMicrobiology-IIImmunology & Serology-II
    Immunology & Serology-IHistopathology & Histotechniques-IHistopathology & Histotechniques-IIClinical Haematology Lab-II
    Clinical Haematology Lab-IHistopathology & Histotechniques-I LabMicrobiology, Immunology & Serology lab-IIHistopathology & Histotechniques Lab-II


    Third Year MLT Course Syllabus 

    Semester V

    Semester VI

    Immunohematology & Blood BankingClinical Enzymology & AutomationClinical EndocrinologyAdvanced Diagnostic Techniques
    Parasitology & VirologyDiagnostic CytologyDiagnostic Molecular BiologyClinical Endocrinology
    Principles of Lab Management & medical EthicsClinical Enzymology LabAdvanced Diagnostic Techniques LabDiagnostic Molecular Biology Lab
    Parasitology & Virology LabDiagnostic Cytology   

    Top MLT Colleges in India

    MLT course is offered by many reputed colleges and universities across the country. Some of these colleges with the courses offered are listed below:

    College/ UniversityMLT Course Offered
    All India Institute of Public and Physical Health SciencesCertificate Course in Medical Laboratory Technology
    Bidar Institute of Medical Science 
    GMR Varalakshmi Community College
    IASE University
    Jaya College of Art and Science
    Sardar Patel UniversityDiploma in Medical Laboratory Technology
    Government Polytechnic, Lisana
    DIPS College, Nainital
    Rajeev Gandhi College, Bhopal
    Calcutta National Medical College, Kolkata
    Manipal Academy of Higher Education, ManipalBachelor in Medical Laboratory Technology
    Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi
    King’s George Medical University , Lucknow
    SRM Institute of Technology, Tamil Nadu
    Chandigarh University, Chandigarh
    Government Medical College, Kerala
    Bangalore Medical College and Research Institute, Bangalore
    Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, ChennaiMasters in Medical Laboratory Technology
    Jamia Hamdard University, New Delhi
    Saveetha Medical College, Chennai
    Manipal Academy of Higher Education, Manipal
    Chandigarh University, Chandigarh

    MLT Colleges Abroad

    The scope of MLT is not only limited to India when it comes to better carrer opportunities with lucrative salary packages. Studying MLT abroad necessarily implies that a student could gain access to the best programs and facilities the world has to offer. MLT courses aren’t offered in many countries, so therefore, some of the popular universities and colleges abroad which offer MLT courses abroad are listed below:

    • Northern Alberta Institute of Technology, Canada
    • Maryville University, USA
    • University of South Australia, Australia
    • University of Cincinnati, USA
    • Virginia Commonwealth University, USA
    • Queensland University of Technology, Australia
    • University of n\New Brunswick, Canada

    What is MLT Course Fee?

    A detailed structure of the Radiology course fee is mentioned below for different courses, along with their average course fee for both private and government colleges:

    Course TypeAverage MLT Course Fee
    For Undergraduate Courses INR 2,00,000 to 5,00,000
    For Post-Graduate INR 8,00,000 to 11,00,000
    For Certificate Courses INR 23,00,000
    For Diploma CoursesINR 30,00,000

    Required Skill Set for Medical Laboratory Technology

    Some of the essential skills required for MLT Courses are mentioned below: 

    • Orientation towards Research and Development
    • Problem Solving Skills
    • Ability to follow rules and protocols
    • Analytical Skills
    • Technical abilities
    • Quantitative Skills
    • Quantitative Skills
    • Communication skills

    MLT Course Scope in India

    The demand for medical laboratory technicians or technologists in India is considerably high, enough to support a wide range of applications and specialisations. Moreover, the MLT scope in India is likely to continue to rise in the coming years.

    • The scope of the MLT course is very broad and graduates with a Medical Laboratory Technology degree can find employment in a variety of industries all around the world.
    • A career in the field of medical laboratory technology is one of the most challenging and rewarding in today’s times. A technician or technologist learns something new every day, which is beneficial to their work.
    • Medical Laboratory Technicians can work in pathology labs, research labs, urologist offices, pharmaceutical companies, hospitals, and a variety of other settings.
    • Apart from the aforementioned options, an aspirant can also work as a lecturer or teacher in the education field.
    • With the passage of time, the MLT course has grown in terms of what a student learns during the course, thereby expanding the scope.
    • Blood banking, clinical chemistry, haematology, immunology, microbiology, cytotechnology, urine analysis, and blood sampling are all part of the Medical Laboratory Technology sector. There are a plethora of sectors in which graduates can find acceptable employment.
    • MLT professionals have a variety of work prospects in the healthcare industry. Clinical lab technologists are needed in every hospital and healthcare facility to detect issues and diseases that cause patients to become ill.
    • Another particularly high-income option that is available to professionals who have gathered a few years of experience is to work self-employed. 

    The healthcare industry is growing almost at a rate of 18% annually. Therefore, trained technicians are needed all over the country.

    Job Prospects After MLT Course

    There are many career options available for students who graduate in Medical Laboratory Technology. A candidate can work at various profiles after completing MLT courses. Some of the popular job profiles along with their job description are tabulated below:

    Job ProfilesJob Description
    Lab TechnicianA lab technician works in a laboratory performing analytical or experimental procedures, maintaining lab equipment.
    Medical Record TechnicianA Medical Record Technician maintains medical records operations by following policies and procedures, reporting needed changes. They also initiate medical record by searching master patient index, ensure medical record availability by routing records to emergency departments, etc. 
    Lab AssistantA Lab Assistant take notes, records data and results, and organizes documentation and data transfer to computer formats. They organize and maintain lab storage, samples, etc. Lab Assistants follow all health and safety regulations when handling laboratory specimens. They identify and label samples and prepare equipment and workspace.
    Laboratory ManagerThe Lab Manager's responsibilities involve conduct testing in a timely manner, personally reviewing any abnormal results to find the root of the irregularity, etc. The laboratory quality manager also hires and manages staffs, ensuring all employees are receiving proper training.
    Anaesthesia TechnicianAnaesthesia Technicians help anaesthesiologists or other medical staff in cleaning, preparing and maintaining anaesthesia equipment for use in a surgical procedure.
    MRI TechnicianMRI Technicians run MRI (Magnetic Resonance Imaging) scanners at hospitals and diagnostic facilities, working directly with patients and explaining to them what to expect and understand from the results, giving drugs to patients for better contrast on scanned images.
    Pathology TechnicianPathology Technicians perform lab tests on human cells, fluids and tissues to diagnose illnesses. They also assist pathologists and work with chemicals and lab machinery.
    CT Scan TechnicianThey use Computerised Tomography (CT) scanners to produce cross-sectional images of the internal organs of a patient to detect medical issues.
    X-ray TechnicianX-ray Technicians work on imaging methods by using cutting-edge technology to view the inside of the human body, create pictures to help physicians diagnose and treat injuries or health complications.
    Operation Theatre technicianThey maintain and prepares the operation theatre and the necessary equipment for operations. They also assist surgical and anaesthetic teams during operations and provide support to patients in recovery.

    Job Profiles in MLT

    Listed below are popular roles that B.Sc MLT graduates start with:

    • MRI Technician
    • Dental Machine Technician
    • Optical Laboratory Technician
    • Radiology Technician
    • CT Scan Technician

    MLT Course: Salary Insights

    The annual salary of the various job profiles available to candidates who have completed an MLT course depends on various factors like recruiting organizations, work experience, qualifications, etc. However, the average annual salary of popular job profiles can be understood from the following table:

    Job ProfilesAverage Annual Salary (INR)
    Lab Technician2 LPA
    Medical Record Technician4LPA
    Lab Assistant2LPA
    Laboratory Manager2.5LPA
    Anaesthesia Technician4LPA
    MRI Technician5LPA
    Pathology Technician4LPA
    CT Scan Technician3LPA
    X-ray Technician2LPA
    Operation Theatre Technician3LPA

    Top MLT Recruiters

    Some of the top recruiting agencies for MLT course graduates are listed below:

    • All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)
    • Forensic Science Laboratory
    • Apollo
    • Batra Hospital and Medical Research Centre, Delhi
    • Columbia Asia Referral Hospital
    • Manipal Hospital
    • Fortis
    • Lilavati Hospital, Mumbai
    • Paramount Health Services
    • Cactus Global 

    FAQs about MLT Course

    What is CMLT?

    CMLT is the course of Certificate in Medical Laboratory Technology which can be pursued after class 10th.


    What is the average salary of an MLT graduate?

    The starting salary of an MLT graduate can be INR 30,000 per month which can rise up to 50,000 with an increase in experience.

    Can I do DMLT after class 10th?

    No, only the candidates who have passed class 12th can apply for the DMLT course.


    What is the duration of Diploma in Medical Laboratory Technology?

    The duration of DMLT in India is 2 years.

    What is the eligibility of MLT course at the UG level?

    To be eligible for MLT bachelor level courses, a candidate must have completed 12th with science subjects and with a minimum of 50% marks from a recognized board.

    Show More

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