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    MBBS Overview

    MBBS full form Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery is a 5 years 6 months undergraduate program in the medical field. This is a professional course for students who want to become doctors, detect diseases, prescribe medication and conduct surgery. To study MBBS, candidates need to appear for an entrance exam- NEET (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test). For the exam, students must be at least 17 years of age and study Physics, Chemistry and Biology as their compulsory subjects for the 10+2 exam. MBBS Syllabus provides a clear understanding of the important subjects required to study during the course duration.

    In India, there are approximately more than 1800 MBBS colleges which constitute a mix of government and private medical colleges teaching MBBS. MBBS fees are completely dependent on the kind of institution- typically a private MBBS college is more expensive in comparison to government colleges. Some of the top Medical Colleges in India are AIIMS New Delhi, JIPMER, PGIMER, NIMHANS, etc. 

    MBBS fees range can be anywhere from INR 5,00,000 to INR 50, 00,000. Once students successfully complete their course, they can opt for different specialisations such as MS or MD degree,  M.P.H., DNB, international education, CMS, choose to work as a doctor in the Indian Defence sector, work in private and government hospitals, choose to study MBA in Medical Field, carry on with clinical research or start their own clinic. 

     An MBBS graduate during the first few years of their practice has the prospect of earning anywhere between INR 40,000 - INR 60,000. With further education and experience, the salary of doctors increases manifolds. 

    MBBS Highlights

    Here are the course highlights for MBBS so that students can understand the course program better:

    Course NameBachelor or Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery (MBBS)
    Course typeUndergraduate 
    Course duration5 years 6 months
    Entrance examNEET (National eligibility cum Entrance Test) 
    Top Medical Colleges in IndiaAIIMS New Delhi, CMC Vellore, PGIMER, NIMHANS, etc/
    Average course feeINR 50,000  to INR 56,00,000
    Eligibility Students must have Physics, Chemistry, and Biology in their class 12 exam and should be at least 17 years of age to appear for the NEET entrance exam
    Career optionsDoctor, healthcare professionals,specialisation, international education, defence service, private and government hospitals, MBA in medical field, clinical research, etc. 
    Average salaryINR 0.5 lakh- INR 12 lakh

    Why Choose MBBS Course?

    Students choose MBBS for a variety of reasons from personal calling to reaching financial stability. While everyone has their own reason and motivation for choosing to study medicine, here are some practical reasons why MBBS is a viable and desirable career choice:

    • You will get to serve society and get a lot of respect in return. Doctors in general are considered to be one of the noblest professions. Hence, studying medicine will help you to serve society better and earn respect in the process. There is also a sense of satisfaction that is derived from being able to serve society in a meaningful way.
    • Financial stability is another important reason for many people to choose medicine as it is one of those professions which are hard hit in cases of any worldwide financial crisis. Although the gains might not always compare to other professions, the inherent stability makes up for it. 
    • The field of medicine is extremely diverse and vast and hence one can never cease to learn new things. MBBS is just the gateway or the initial stage of gaining knowledge for a bright future in medicine.
    • There are immense options to choose from and specialise in after the completion of the MBBS degree. One can move forward with medicine or choose other specialisations like surgery, dermatology, neurology, nephrology, psychiatry, etc. 
    • Once you complete your MBBS degree, you will also have the option of looking for a career in medical research or you can choose to be a medical scientist. 
    • There are options to set up a consultancy for health targeted programs. Postgraduate programs like a Master of Public Health are also another option to choose from for students who complete their MBBS degree. 
    • The field of medicine and MBBS is also for those people who like to be challenged on a daily basis and possess strong decision-making skills. One needs to think very clearly and employ knowledge to save people’s lives. Compassion and having a strong belief system to help bring positive changes in society are also a part of the world of medicine.
    • With perseverance and dedication to the job, one can also reach the global stage since good doctors are required everywhere. Donning a white coat comes with the major responsibility of improving the lives of people. Only doctors with an MBBS degree can understand the importance of bringing people back from the clutches of death from life-threatening diseases. If you discover an antidote, you will be able to save millions of lives around the world. The joy derived from such work is truly incomparable.

    List of Popular MBBS Course and Specialisations

    The MBBS course is a single course in itself which is divided into semesters. There are a number of MBBS subjects taught throughout the course. The MBBS course semesters can be divided into three stages preclinical, para-clinical and clinical stages.

    It is a professional course for doctors and after the completion of this course, students can choose a specialisation. Here is a list of specialities that one can choose from after completing his or her MBBS degree:

    • Orthopaedics

    • Internal Medicine

    • Obstetrics and Gynaecology

    • Dermatology

    • Paediatrics

    • Radiology

    • General surgery

    • Ophthalmology

    • Family Medicine

    • Chest Medicine

    • Anaesthesia

    • Pathology

    • ENT

    MBBS Course Entrance Exam

    There is only one entrance exam for MBBS which is the National Eligibility cum Entrance Test or NEET conducted by NTA. Here are the important details for the MBBS entrance exam: 

    • This entrance exam is held every year to allow students admission to 542 medical colleges, 313 dental, 47 BVSc and AH colleges, and 914 AYUSH colleges.
    • NEET is conducted in various languages- Assamese, Bengali, English, Gujarati, Hindi, Kannada, Marathi, Oriya, Tamil, Telugu, and Urdu.
    • The exam is conducted in offline mode and there are a total of 158002 seats available. 1257 colleges are participating in the NEET exam 2022. 
    • A candidate should also be at least 17 years of age when registering for the NEET exam. Recently the upper age limit for appearing in the exam has been removed. 
    • Students must also have PCB or PCMB in their class 12 exam in order to appear for NEET.

    MBBS Eligibility Criteria

    In order to study the MBBS course, students must appear for the NEET or National Eligibility cum Entrance Test conducted by the NTA (National Testing Agency). Based on the rankings received in the entrance examination, candidates will be able to gain admission to various government and private MBBS colleges in India. 

    Here are the eligibility criteria for obtaining MBBS admission:

    • The applicant should also be at least 17 years of age in order to be eligible for admission to an MBBS course.

    • While the minimum marks criteria for admission may vary, at least 50% of marks from candidates will be considered to be eligible for MBBS admission.

    • Passing the entrance examination i.e. NEET with the best possible scores increases the chances of getting placed in the top MBBS colleges in the country. 

    • NEET applicants should also have Physics, Chemistry and Biology as their 10+2 exam subjects.

    • For candidates belonging to the reserved category, 40% is the minimum percentage for eligibility. 

    Securing MBBS Admission

    Students wishing to pursue a course in MBBS after completing their 10+2, can do so in various ways. The Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery courses offer admission to eligible candidates through two ways, entrance exams and merit-based admissions. 

    • Entrance exams: Candidates can get admission to MBBS Courses by appearing for entrance exams conducted by various institutes across India. Upon qualifying the same, aspiring candidates will be eligible to earn a Bachelor of Medicine and a Bachelor of Surgery degree. Based on the results secured in the examination, candidates are allotted their desired colleges to pursue their MBBS. Candidates can appear for NEET UG (National Eligibility cum Entrance Test) which is conducted by the NTA (National Testing Agency), conducted once a year for MBBS admission.
    • Merit-based: Candidates can also be granted admission to MBBS at colleges and universities, which offer admission to MBBS Courses based on the marks secured in 10+2 or equivalent examination. Candidates are then selected based on the prescribed cut-off required for the admission process. 

    Difference Between MBBS, MD, and BAMS

    There are various points of difference between an MBBS degree and an MD degree but the point of difference is the former is an undergraduate course and the latter, is a postgraduate program. One can pursue an MD degree only after completing the MBBS course. Let’s take a look at the difference between an MBBS and BDS degree

    Full formBachelor or Medicine and Bachelor of SurgeryDoctor of Medicine
    Course duration5.5 years3 years
    Entrance examNEET UGNEET PG, INI CET
    Eligibility Candidates need to complete their 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology or with PCMB. They also need to qualify the NEET exam.Candidates must complete their MBBS course, one year of training and qualify the NEET PG exam. 
    Course focusGeneral study of medicineSpecialisation in medicine and/or surgery

    Similarly, for MBBS vs BAMS

    ParametersBAMS MBBS
    Full formBachelor of Ayurvedic Medicines and SurgeryBachelor of Medicines,  Bachelor of Surgery
    Duration5.5 Years5.5 Years
    OverviewBAMS lets you gain knowledge on the ancient, traditional Indian system of AyurvedaMBBS enables you to gain in-depth knowledge of surgery and medicine
    AdmissionOn the basis of entrancesEntrance-Based
    Eligibility CriteriaMinimum of 50% scored in 10+2 standard with mandatory science subjectsMinimum 50% secured in 10+2 standard with physics, chemistry, biology/zoology, and English as compulsory subjects
    SubjectsAyurvedic Philosophy, Toxicology, History of Ayurveda, Panchkarma, etcHuman Anatomy, Pharmacology,  Radio-Diagnosis, Anesthesia, Physiology, etc.
    Examination TypeSemester basedSemester based
    Average FeeINR 50,000 to 2,00,000 per annum INR 10,000 to 6,00,000 per annum
    Best CollegesNational Institute of Ayurveda, Institute of Medical Sciences, Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, etc.AIIMS New Delhi, PGIMER, Christian Medical College, Vellore, Chandigarh, etc.
    Job RolesLecturer, Pharmacist, Teacher, Therapist, Scientist, Panchakarma Practitioner, Ayurvedic Doctor, etc.General Physician, Medical Coder, Medical Officer, Dermatologist, etc.
    Average Salary EarnedINR 1-3 Lakhs per annumINR 5-12 Lakhs per annum

    Popular Colleges offer MBBS Course in India

    There are several MBBS colleges in India- both government and private that provide an excellent and top-notch education for their students. Check the list of top MBBS colleges in India here:

    Name of College/ InstituteCityState
    All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS)New DelhiDelhi
    Post Graduate Institute of Medical Education and Research (PGIMER)ChandigarhChandigarh
    Christian Medical College (CMC)VelloreTamil Nadu
    National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences (NIMHANS)BangaloreKarnataka
    Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical SciencesLucknowUttar Pradesh
    Amrita Vishwa VidyapeethamCoimbatoreTamil Nadu
    Banaras Hindu UniversityVaranasiUttar Pradesh
    Jawaharlal Institute of Post Graduate Medical Education and Research (JIPMER)PuducherryPondicherry
    King George’s Medical University LucknowUttar Pradesh
    Kasturba Medical CollegeManipalKarnataka
    Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and TechnologyThiruvananthapuramKerala
    Institute of Liver and Biliary SciencesNew DelhiDelhi
    St. John’s Medical CollegeBengaluruKarnataka
    Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and ResearchChennaiTamil Nadu
    Aligarh Muslim UniversityAligarhUttar Pradesh
    Madras Medical College & Government General Hospital, ChennaiChennaiTamil Nadu
    Maulana Azad Medical College DelhiDelhi
    Vardhman Mahavir Medical College & Safdarjung HospitalNew DelhiDelhi
    Dr. D. Y. Patil VidyapeethPuneMaharashtra
    S.R.M. Institute of Science and TechnologyChennaiTamil Nadu

    Study MBBS Course Abroad

    While deciding to study MBBS abroad, there are a few things that need to be kept in mind

    Eligibility and requirements

    Although each country has its own criteria and list of rules for international students who are willing to pursue MBBS abroad, here are some general guidelines for top countries across the world:


    The student has to be at least 17 years of age on December 31 of the particular year of application for admission to study MBBS abroad.

    Academic requirements

    All candidates willing to pursue an MBBS degree abroad have to meet up to these requirements:

    • Candidate must complete his or her 10+2 from a recognised board. An aggregate percentage of 50% must be achieved in Physics, Chemistry and Biology along with English as a compulsory subject in their 10+2 exam.
    • Candidates are also required to qualify for the NEET exam even if they are planning to study MBBS abroad. The NEET score for each candidate will be valid for a period of three years.
    • Students must also produce an Eligibility Certificate from the Medical Council of India during the time of admission to any foreign medical university.
    • Based on the English requirements of the university or college, students could also be required to appear for English proficiency tests like IELTS, TOEFL, PTE or OET. 
    • Students cannot suffer from any contagious diseases at the time of admission and need to submit a medical certificate for the same.

    MBBS Abroad Top Colleges

    Willing candidates would be interested in knowing more about MBBS abroad at top colleges and universities. Here is the list of top medical universities to pursue MBBS for Indian students:

    MBBS Course in USA, UK, and Sweden

    Candidates can refer to these institutes to pursue MBBS courses in UK, Sweden, and USA.

    Name of College/ University Location 
    Harvard University United States of America
    University of Oxford United Kingdom
    University of CambridgeUnited Kingdom
    Stanford UniversityUnited States of America
    John Hopkins UniversityUnited States of America
    Karolinska InstituteSweden
    University of California (UCLA)United States of America
    University College London (UCL)United Kingdom
    Yale University United States of America
    Imperial College LondonUnited Kingdom
    University of California, San Francisco (UCSF)United States of America

    MBBS Course in Russia

    Candidates can refer to these institutes to pursue MBBS course in Russia.

    First Moscow State Medical UniversityRussia
    Pavlov UniversityRussia
    Pirogov Medical UniversityRussia
    Bashkir State Medical UniversityRussia
    OMSK State Medical UniversityRussia
    Novosibirsk State UniversityRussia
    Kazan State Medical UniversityRussia
    Ryazan State Medical UniversityRussia
    Orenburg State Medical UniversityRussia
    Siberian State Medical UniversityRussia

    MBBS Course in Philippines

    Candidates can refer to these colleges to study MBBS course in Philippines.

    College NameLocation
    Brokenshire College School of MedicinePhilippines
    UV Gullas College of MedicinePhilippines
    Liceo College of MedicinePhilippines
    Davao Medical School FoundationPhilippines
    Our Lady of Fatima UniversityPhilippines
    Cebu Institute of MedicinePhilippines
    University of Santo TomasPhilippines
    Central Philippine UniversityPhilippines
    Angeles University FoundationPhilippines
    Manila Central UniversityPhilippines


    MBBS Course in Canada

    Students can refer to these institutes to pursue MBBS programme in Canada.

    University of TorontoCanada
    McGill UniversityCanada
    McMaster UniversityCanada
    Queen’s UniversityCanada
    University of SherbrookeCanada
    Memorial University of NewfoundlandCanada

    MBBS Course in Georgia

    Students can refer to these colleges to study MBBS course in Georgia.

    College NameLocation
    Tbilisi State Medical UniversityGeorgia
    David Tvildiani Medical UniversityGeorgia
    Georgian National University (SEU)Georgia
    New Vision UniversityGeorgia
    Batumi Shota Rustaveli State UniversityGeorgia
    East European UniversityGeorgia
    Ivane Javakhishvili Tbilisi State UniversityGeorgia
    Geomedi Medical UniversityGeorgia

    Top MBBS Colleges by State

    Check out the list of top MBBS Colleges by state


    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    DPU Pune- Dr DY Patil Vidyapeeth


    Datta Meghe Institute of Medical Sciences, Wardha


    Dr DY Patil University, Navi Mumbai


    KIMS- Krishna Institute of Medical Sciences 


    GSMC Mumbai- Seth GS Medical College


    AFMC Pune- Armed Forces Medical College


    DYPMC Pune- Dr DY Patil Medical College Hospital and Research Centre


    Grant Medical College, Mumbai


    JNMC Wardha- Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College


    LTMMC Mumbai- Lokmanya Tilak Municipal Medical College


    MGIMS Sevagram- Kasturba Health Society Mahatma Gandhi Institute of Medical Sciences


    BVMC Pune- Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University Medical College


    TMNC Mumbai- Topiwala National Medical College and BYL Nair Charitable Hospital


    BJMC Pune


    MGMUHS Navi Mumbai- MGM Institute of Health Sciences


    HBT Medical College and Dr RN Cooper Municipal Medical College and General Hospital, Mumbai


    GMC Aurangabad- Government Medical College


    Tamil Nadu

    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    CMC Vellore


    Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Coimbatore


    Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Chennai


    MMC Chennai- Madras Medical College


    SRM University Chennai


    SIMATS Chennai- Saveetha Institute of Medical and Technical Sciences


    PSGIMSR Coimbatore- PSG Institute of Medical Science and Research 


    Annamalai University, Annamalai Nagar


    Tirunelveli Medical College, Tirunelveli


    Chettinad Hospital and Research Institute Kelambakkam


    SRMCRI Chennai


    SRM Medical College Hospital and Research Centre, Chennai


    Saveetha Medical College and Hospital, Kanchipuram


    Stanley Medical College, Chennai


    Government Sivagangai Medical College and Hospital, Sivaganga


    Coimbatore Medical College,Coimbatore


    Uttar Pradesh 

    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    SGPGIMS Lucknow- Sanjay Gandhi Postgraduate Institute of Medical Sciences


    BHU Varanasi


    King George’s Medical University


    Aligarh Muslim University 


    JNMC Aligarh


    GSVM Medical College, Kanpur


    UPUMS Saifai- Uttar Pradesh University of Medical Sciences


    Moti Lal Nehru Medical College Allahabad


    SNMC Agra- Sarojini Naidu Medical College


    BRD Medical College Gorakhpur



    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    NIMHANS Bangalore


    Kasturba Medical College


    St. John’s Medical College


    KMC Mangalore


    JSS Medical College, Mysore


    MS Ramaiah Medical College, Bangalore


    KSHEMA Mangalore


    JNMC Belgaum


    Shri B M Patil Medical College, Vijayapur


    BMCRI Bangalore


    Mysore Medical College and Research Institute, Mysore



    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    AIIMS Delhi


    Institute of Liver and Biliary Sciences


    Maulana Azad Medical College, New Delhi


    VMMC Safdarjung Hospital 


    Lady Hardinge Medical College for Women


    Jamia Hamdard, New Delhi


    University College of Medical Sciences, University of Delhi 


    Hamdard Institute of Medical Sciences and Research 


    ACMS Delhi


    Municipal Corporation Medical College


    Dr Baba Saheb Ambedkar Medical College and Hospital, New Delhi



    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    SCTIMST Trivandrum- Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences and Technology


    Amrita School of Medicine, Kochi


    Government Medical College, Thiruvananthapuram


    Government Medical College, Kottayam


    Jubilee Mission Medical College and Research Institute, Thrissur


    Government Medical College, Kozhikode


    Government Medical College, Thrissur



    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    Siksha O Anusandhan, Bhubaneswar


    AIIMS Bhubaneswar


    KIIT University


    SCB Medical College, Cuttack


    IMS and SUM Hospital Bhubaneswar


    KIMS Bhubaneswar


    Madhya Pradesh 

    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    Gandhi Medical College, Bhopal


    MGMMC Indore


    AIIMS Bhopal


    NSCBMC Jabalpur


    Gajra Raja Medical College, Gwalior


    West Bengal

    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    Medical College, Kolkata


    IPGMER Kolkata


    RG Kar Medical College and Hospital Kolkata


    Nilratan Sircar Medical College, Kolkata


    Burdwan Medical College, Burdwan



    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    DMCH Ludhiana 


    CMC Ludhiana


    GMC Patiala


    GMC Amritsar



    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    AIIMS Jodhpur


    SMS Medical College Jaipur


    SPMC Bikaner


    RNT Medical College Udaipur



    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    Osmania Medical College, Hyderabad 


    Gandhi Medical College and Hospital, Secunderabad


    KAMSRC Hyderabad


    AIMSR Hyderabad


    Jammu and Kashmir

    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    GMC Srinagar


    SKIMS Srinagar


    GMC Jammu


    Andhra Pradesh

    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    Narayana Medical College and Hospital, Chinthareddypalem


    NRI Medical College


    Andhra Medical College, Visakhapatnam



    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    JIPMER Puducherry


    MGMCRI Puducherry


    PIMS Pondicherry



    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    BJMC Ahmedabad


    Medical College, Baroda


    Government Medical College Surat



    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    Government Medical College, Haldwani 


    AIIMS Rishikesh



    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    PGIMER Chandigarh


    GMCH Chandigarh



    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    MMU Ambala


    PGIMS Rohtak



    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    RIMS Imphal



    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    North Eastern Indira Gandhi Regional Institute of Health and Medical Sciences



    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    IGIMS Patna


    Himachal Pradesh

    Name of College/University/Institute

    NIRF Ranking ‘21

    IGMC Shimla


    Scholarship for MBBS Students

    Government and private institutions have lined up several scholarship programmes for students. However, it can be availed after candidates fulfill certain eligibility criteria. Check them in the section below.

    Name of the Scholarship

    Eligibility for MBBS Scholarships

    Total Amount

    Bharati Scheme for Education

    Brahmin families belonging to Andhra Pradesh can apply for this scholarship. The family income of the applicant must not be more than INR 3 lakhs.

    INR 20,000

    Nationwide Education and Scholarship Test

    The scholarship can be availed by the 1st or 2nd-year students, who have enrolled in either BHMS, MBBS, BDS, or BAMS degree. Aspirants clearing their 12h standards in the science stream can feel free to apply. The scholarship can be given to the 3rd and 4th-year students in case they apply under the Senior II category.

    INR 50,000

    Vijayalakshmi R.L. Jalappa Scholarship

    The aspirants must be of the Arya Idiga origin and should be a resident of either Bangalore Rural or Urban Chikkaballapura, Ramanagara, Kolar, Mandya, Tumkur, Mysore, Chamarajanagar, Chitradurga, Davanagere, Hassan, or Bellary. The aspirant must secure minimum aggregate marks of 60%, and both members of the candidate’s family must comprise BPL cards.

    Provides financial assistance to the selected ones.

    Vahani Scholarship

    The aspirant must be a class 12 applicant and should have faced challenging circumstances. 

    Entire course fee of the bachelor's program.

    What is MBBS Course Fees?

    Before enrolling on an MBBS college, it is crucial for students to have a clear understanding of the MBBS fee structure. Here is a comprehensive view of the MBBS course fee structure for some of the top MBBS institutions in India:

    Name of Institute 

    Total Course Fee in INR

    AIIMS Delhi


    CMC Tamil Nadu

    2, 20,000

    BHU Uttar Pradesh 


    Amrita Vishwa Vidyapeetham, Tamil Nadu

    50, 00,000

    JIPMER Puducherry 

    24, 850

    KMC Karnataka

    55, 80,000

    King George’s Medical University Uttar Pradesh

    2, 75,000

    MMC Government and General Hospital


    Sri Ramachandra Institute of Higher Education and Research, Tamil Nadu


    St. John’s Medical College


    Jawaharlal Nehru Medical College, Aligarh Muslim University, Aligarh


    Institute of Medical Sciences, BHU

    14, 874

    Lady Hardinge Medical College, New Delhi


    University College of Medical Science, Delhi


    MBBS Fees in private institutions and deemed colleges are comparatively higher and they can lie anywhere in the range of INR 2,00, 000 to 40,00,000 per annum. 

    MBBS Syllabus and Subjects

    The MBBS syllabus is extremely vast and covers all the core concepts of medicine and surgery. The course has been designed by keeping in mind that students must be equipped with all medical-related topics and develop skills which are relevant to the industry. 

    As we have stated above, the MBBS course curriculum is divided into three stages pre-clinical, para-clinical and clinical stages, here we will discuss in detail the various MBBS subjects that are taught in the various stages of the MBBS syllabus:

    • Pre-clinical- The first two semesters of an MBBS course are dedicated to pre-clinical studies and include subjects such as anatomy, biochemistry, biophysics, physiology, etc. It is an introductory phase where students get a headstart with intensive learning. They cover all majority concepts in their basic and fundamental form. It is compulsory to qualify in the first phase of the pre-clinical phase of the MBBS degree in order to move on to the next stage.
    • Para- Clinical- the second phase of the MBBS degree program which runs for three semesters. Some of the subjects that are taught at this level are forensic medicine, pathology, community medicine, pharmacology, microbiology, OPDs, clinical postings, etc.
    • Clinical- this is the final academic stage in the whole MBBS course and it comprises the clinical phase. It stretches from semester 5 to 9 where the course focus remains on the study of specialisations in medicine and surgery. Subjects taught in the clinical phase are psychiatry, dermatology, obstetrics, gynaecology, and paediatrics. It also includes subjects such as orthopaedics, ophthalmology, ENT, anaesthesiology, surgery and its allied subjects. 

    MBBS Subjects and Topics Covered

    It is important for students to have an idea of the MBBS syllabus and we have prepared a tabular form for the MBBS syllabus pdf format: 






    Gross anatomy, microanatomy, embryology, genetics, and neuroanatomy.


    Biological cells, biomolecules, enzymes, metabolic pathways and their regulation, metabolic interrelationships, food assimilation, nutrition, hormones, molecular biology, immunology, environmental biochemistry, cancer and cancer makers. 


    General physiology, nerve-muscle, respiratory system, blood, cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal system, nutrition, environmental physiology, reproduction, kidney, nephrology, yoga


    Forensic medicine and toxicology

    Forensic medicine and toxicology


    Microbiology, bacteriology, bacterial staining and cultivation, virology, common test for bacterial identification, laboratory diagnosis for viral infection, mycology, collection of transport samples, common laboratory methods for diagnosis if fungal infections, host-parasite relationship, bacterial and viral genetics, immunity to infection, immunodiagnosis, vaccines, sterilisation and disinfection, bacteriology of air and water, microorganisms that are associated with gastrointestinal infections, gastrointestinal infections that are caused by parasites,  


    General pathology, systemic pathology, practicals


    General pharmacology, autonomic nervous system and peripheral nervous system, central nervous system, autacoids, cardiovascular system, gastrointestinal and respiratory system, hormones, chemotherapy, miscellaneous



    Preoperative evaluation and opti skills I/V, cannulation, oropharyngeal or nasopharyngeal airway insertion, bag mask ventilator, attaching pulse oximeter, BP cuff and ECG electrodes and setting up a monitor.   

    Community medicine

    Behavioural science, health education, environment biostatistics, environment biostatistics, epidemiology, nutrition, maternal and child health, rehabilitation, epidemiology of communicable diseases as well as non-communicable diseases, important national health programs, occupational health, health administration, health economics, geriatrics, counselling


    Ineffective dermatoses, infective dermatoses, infestations, melanin synthesis, allergic disorders, drug eruptions, urticaria, erythema mutli-forme, vesiculo-bullous diseases, epidermopoiesis, psoriasis, pathogenesis, syphilis, gonococcal and nongonococcal infections, HIV infections, dermatological emergencies


    Clinical pharmacology, nutritional as well as metabolic disorders, water, electrolyte, acid-base imbalance, critical care medicine, pain management and palliative care, medical psychiatry, poisoning, specific environmental and occupational hazards, immune response and infections, cardiovascular system

    Obstetrics and Gynaecology

    Basic science, obstetrics, gynaecology, contraception, neonatology and its recent advancements. 


    Microbiology and its relation to the eye, pathology and its relation to the eye, pharmacology and its relation to the eye, disorders of the lid, disorders of the lacrimal apparatus, conjunctivitis, ophthalmia neonatorum, trachoma and various other chronic conjunctivitis, keratitis and corneal ulcers, corneal ulcers, scleritis and episcleritis 


    Paediatric orthopaedics, orthopaedic oncology, management of trauma, sports medicine, physical medicine and rehabilitation, orthopaedic neurology, disorders of the spine, radiology, fracture


    Oral cavity and oropharynx, ear, instruments, operative procedures, x-ray


    Vital statistics, growth, development, nutrition, immunisation, infectious disease, haematology, respiratory system, gastrointestinal tract, central nervous system, genito-urinary system, neonatology, paediatric emergencies, fluid electrolyte, genetics, behavioural problems, therapeutics  


    Behavioural sciences, emotions and its application to health, cognitive process and memory, psychiatric disorders, schizophrenia, bipolar disorders, depression, anxiety, neurosis, phobia and OCD. 


    Skin, head and neck area, arteries, veins, breast, oesophagus, stomach, duodenum, small intestine, colon, rectum, appendix, acute abdomen, urology

    MBBS Course Curriculum

    Check out the course curriculum for the MBBS course below:

    Introduction to Medical Practice IIntroduction to Molecular Medicine
    Fundamentals of Disease and TreatmentLocomotor System
    Cell BiologyIntroduction of Embryology and Histology
    Basic HaematologyRespiratory System
    Health and the EnvironmentNeuroscience 1 (Peripheral System)
    Healthcare Concepts-
    Hereditary DisorderImmunity
    NeoplasiaNutrition Disorders
    General PathologyEnvironmental Pathology
    Systemic PathologyAlimentary System
    Cardiovascular System-
    HaematologyCommon Symptoms and Signs
    Clinical PathologyImmunopathology
    Special PathologyGrowth Disturbance and Neoplasia
    General Pathology-
    Epidemiology of communicable diseasesEpidemiology of non?communicable diseases
    Reproductive and child health -
    Nutritional diseaseHematology and Oncology
    Infectious diseaseDiseases of immune system, connective tissue and joints
    Geriatric disease-
    Metabolic and Bone diseaseNervous system
    Endocrine diseaseBrain Death, Organ donation, Organ preservation
    Emergency medicine and critical care-
    Kidney diseaseEmergency medicine and critical care
    Nervous systemPoisoning, Environmental disorders, and snake bite

    Aspirants can study the MBBS syllabus by referring to the right set of books. Some of the important ones are given below.

    MBBS Books

    Textbook of Physiology By A. K. JainMedical Physiology By Guyton And Hall
    Clinical Anatomy By SnellGray's Anatomy For Students By Henry Gray
    B. D Chaurasia's Human Anatomy For Upper Limb, Lower Limb, Thorax And AbdomenHead and Neck By Vishram Singh
    Carbs, Proteins, and Fat Metabolism By SatyanarayanMolecular Biology By Vasudevan

    Bridge Courses Offered for MBBS

    BDS to MBBS Bridge course allows dental science graduates to practice just like a general physician in several clinics, hospitals, and organizations. After completing the bridge course, aspirants must mandatorily spend at least 3 years in rural arena.

    MBBS Courses One can Pursue Other than Medicine and Surgery

    Oftenly, candidates wish to pursue a course other than medicine and surgery after completing MBBS course. For such aspirants, there are several other options available. Students can explore the below-given fields for their desired specialization.

    • Medicine in the Community
    • Microbiology
    • Pathology
    • Physiology
    • Biochemistry
    • Depression Counselling
    • Occupational Therapy (OT)
    • Criminal Justice
    • Anatomy
    • Psychology of Social Interaction

    Career Options and Job Prospects After MBBS

    There are various options available after MBBS along with clinical practice and teaching. Some of the best options include MD (Doctor of Medicine), MS (Master of Surgery), Masters in Hospital Administration, MS in Clinical Pathology, Masters in Public Health, MTech in Biomedical Engineering, Biological Sciences, Diploma courses in Sports Medicine, Paediatrics, Psychology, Occupational Health, etc. Some more alternative career options would be Clinical Forensics, Medical Researcher, and Academic Medicine. 

    Here is a comprehensive list of career options for students after the MBBS course:

    Career options availableAbout the job or courseAverage salary in INR 
    MD (Doctor of Medicine) or MS (Master of Surgery)MS or MD courses are the most favourable options once students complete their MBBS. Both these courses are postgraduate degrees and help doctors focus on their specialisations. 25,000 -3, 00, 000 per month based on where a doctor is employed
    Diploma of National Board (DNB)This course is offered by NBE (National Board of Examinations) and is approved by the MCI. It is another good option for students after completing their MBBS20, 000 to 45, 000 per month
    Combined Medical Services (CMS)CMS exam is conducted by the UPSC every year for selecting doctors who can work in various government departments. 15,000 to 80, 000 per month
    MBA in Hospital ManagementDoctors who are willing to work in the corporate sector can pursue MBA in Hospital Management from top schools like IIMs, FMS Delhi, IBS Hyderabad, etc. 60, 000 to 2, 50, 000 per month
    Masters in Health Administration (MHA)This postgraduate program is of 3 years and it educates candidates on various aspects of health administration. 20, 000 to 40, 000 per month
    Master of Public Health (MPH)MPH is a postgraduate course that can be pursued after studying MBBS. It enables students to work in the public health sector.40, 00, 00 to 3,00, 000 per month
    Starting private practiceDoctors who wish to being practising medicine can do so by starting their own clinic30, 000 to 80, 000 per month

    MBBS Scope in India

    After the completion of the MBBS degree, students have a lot of scope in India. Many choose to go for postgraduate studies such as MD and MS degrees. Some candidates like to begin practising medicine by opening private clinics. The scope of taking up various paramedical courses and jobs in administration are also common options.

    Best Companies for MBBS Graduates :-

    Here are some of the topmost organizations offering lucrative packages to fresh graduates.

    • Fortis Health care
    • Max Health Care
    • Columbia Asia
    • Apollo Hospitals
    • Medanta
    • Wockhardt Hospitals
    • Global Hospitals
    • Dr. Lal Path Labs, and
    • Care Hospitals

    What is MBBS Salary?

    MBBS salary depends on a number of factors such as the college or institute from which one has completed their MBBS degree. For example, MBBS graduates from AIIMS who opt for PG studies are offered the position of junior residents for a period of three years and receive a stipend of INR 64,000.  Again the average internship money falls within a range of INR 15,000 to INR 21,000. Students who choose government bodies for job posting such as the army and railways get paid anywhere between INR 9.4 LPA to INR 11 LPA.

    Skills needed for MBBS

    The path to becoming a doctor is one of the most daunting and challenging ones. And without a certain number of skills, students cannot successfully complete their MBBS course and become good doctors. Hence, here is the list of required skillsets for MBBS students:

    Academic competence

    This skill perhaps goes without saying. Any student without academic competence will not be able to survive in the field of medicine and medical science. Any practising doctor requires to have a strong and sound knowledge base which will be helpful for providing the best care to patients. For this same reason, medical students have to spend a huge chunk of their time studying where they learn about aetiology, pathophysiology, diagnosis and treatment for various diseases in medical colleges. 

    Communication skills

    Possessing good communication skills is considered to be a huge asset for medical students and doctors as it helps them to identify the problems of patients and provide them with proper remedies. Moreover, medical professionals rarely work in isolation. Hence when working in teams, it is absolutely essential to possess good communication skills. 

    Leadership skills

    In the field of medicine and medical science, doctors will be required to make important decisions within a short span of time and the outcome will affect someone’s health. Again, effective leadership skills are not limited to patient-related decisions, doctors are also often involved in administrative tasks where they make decisions for positive outcomes. Thus possessing effective leadership skills where one can take the role of a leader and guide a team of doctors and other professionals is crucial. 


    Doctors need to work in teams, and when working in a group, it is important to understand that each and every team member has their own unique personality as well as perspectives. But with differences, frictions can arise. Hence, they need to be managed effectively. 


    Doctors need to be empathetic towards their patients. In their years of clinical practice, instances may occur when they might only see the disease and not the person. Therefore, empathising with patients and their family members is a crucial part of the healthcare industry. 

    FAQs about MBBS

    Which is the highest degree in Doctor?

    MD is the highest level of degree in Doctor.

    Can I become a cardiologist without MBBS?

    No. Aspirants have to mandatorily complete their MBBS studies to pursue a career as a cardiologist.

    Can an MBBS doctor do surgery?

    No, you cannot. By becoming an MBBS graduate, you can practice as a physician. But, to conduct surgeries, you need an MD degree.

    How difficult is being a surgeon?

    Surgery is the most challenging medical specialty. It requires individuals to put in long hours, indulge in plenty of practice, focus on heavy reading, and invest a lot of mental energy. Surgery is not a field for the faint of heart. 

    What is the difference between Bachelor of Surgery and Bachelor of Medicine?

    The Bachelor of Surgery degree allows graduates to practice surgery. Meanwhile, the Bachelor of Medicine degree covers all the subjects pertaining to the practice of Internal Medicine.

    Show More

    Related Questions

    Can i do correspondence mbbs course
    -Murugan -Updated on July-08-20201 Answers

    Simran Saini, CollegeDekho Expert

    Dear Student,

    No, you cannot pursue the MBBS course in Distance/ Correspondence mode.

    Also Check: Alternative Courses for Medical Students apart from MBBS/BDS​

    If you wish to know more about alternative courses for medical students and colleges offering the same, fill out our Common Application Form (CAF) and our education experts will guide you through the entire admission process. If you have any questions, you can avail FREE counselling by calling on our tollfree number 1800-572-9877.

    What is the MBBS course fee?
    -Ankitha -Updated on June-23-20201 Answers

    Simran Saini, CollegeDekho Expert


    Fees will differ from college to college. Private colleges will charge a higher fee as compared to government-run colleges.

    Do you have a specific college in mind? For instance, MBBS at AIIMS will cost you around Rs. 6000 a year, at Maulana Azad Medical College it will be around Rs.10,000 while for private colleges it may even go up to Rs. 30-40 lakh in total.

    With changing times, the demand for Paramedics is increasing in India, check out the List of Top Paramedical Courses 2020:Admission Process, Eligibility, Scope & Jobs for a successful career

    Also, if you wish to know more fill out our Common Application Form (CAF) and our education experts will guide you through the entire admission process. If you have any questions, you can avail FREE counselling by calling on our tollfree number 1800-572-9877.

    Related News

    Who are the Top Recruiters of MBBS Graduates?

    The list of recruiters of MBBS graduates includes:

    • Medanta Hospitals
    • Fortis Healthcare Ltd
    • Sun Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd
    • Apollo Munich Health Industries Co Ltd
    • Sri Ganga Ram Hospital
    • Lilavati Hospital and Research Centre
    • Wockhardt Ltd
    • Apollo Hospitals Enterprises Ltd
    • Cipla Ltd
    • Religare Health Insurance Company Ltd
    • Indraprastha Apollo Hospitals
    • All India Institute of Medical Sciences
    • Postgraduate Institute of Medical Education and Research

    Best Books for MBBS Courses

    Bachelor of Medicine and Bachelor of Surgery or MBBS is a highly demanding and competitive programme in the field of medicine. Every year, lakhs of candidates apply for admission to MBBS Courses through appearing in the NEET entrance examination. Mentioned below are some of the best books for MBBS:

    • B. D Chaurasia's Human Anatomy For Upper Limb, Lower Limb, Thorax And Abdomen
    • Clinical Anatomy By Snell
    • Gray's Anatomy For Students By Henry Gray
    • Textbook of Physiology By A. K. Jain
    • Medical Physiology By Guyton And Hall
    • Carbs, Proteins, and Fat Metabolism By Satyanarayan
    • Molecular Biology By Vasudevan