MA, or Master of Arts, is a two-year postgraduate degree. After earning a bachelor's degree, students can pursue an MA. The Master of Arts degree is available to students who have successfully completed an integrated social science and humanities programme of study. Universities and colleges in India as well as abroad provide a wide variety of MA specialisations. Full-time, part-time, correspondence, and distance learning modes for an MA are also offered. Students can progress their professions, improve their skills, and get ready for life as a professional student with the master of arts syllabus and subjects. If they want to work in the media, human services, or education, it might also be beneficial.
Admission to Master of Arts course programme is mostly based on merit. However, some colleges, including TISS, JNU, Calcutta University, and Jadavpur University, use entrance exams for MA admission. Some of the best MA colleges include Miranda House, Hindu College, Hansraj College, and LSR, Delhi. The offered master of arts course fee ranges between INR 15,000 and 30,000. The average salary of INR 1–5 lakhs is offered by a number of top-ranked MA colleges, including Miranda House and Hindu College. Students who are interested in studying Master of Arts at IIT can choose from courses like the MA Program in Development Studies and English Studies, the MA in Society and Culture, and many others as well.
Master of Arts courses are more self-contained than undergraduate courses and cover a broader range of topics. When students learn new skills, they are forced to put in more effort to learn the entire process. The MA programme helps students develop critical thinking, logical reasoning, and investigative skills. Students with a bachelor's degree can find good jobs, but a master's degree is a game changer for career advancement.
Students with a Master of Arts Course (MA degree) have a deeper understanding of the subject. It gives them a thorough understanding of the field they have chosen. They can also attend guest lectures and seminars given by academic and business experts.
Following are the major highlights of the Master of Arts (MA) degree programme:
|Full Form||Master of Arts|
|Course Duration||Master of Arts (MA) is 2 Years|
|Age||No age limit|
Bachelor's degree in any discipline
Minimum percentage: 45% to 55%
|Subjects Required||BA from a recognised university or any other degree with the minimum required aggregate marks|
|Average Fees Incurred||INR 4000 - 80,000 per annum|
|Similar Options of Study||MPhil|
|Average Salary Offered||INR 4.4 LPA|
|Employment Roles||Content Writer, High School Teacher, Secondary School Teacher, Primary School Teacher, HR Manager, Copy Editor, Editor, Executive Assistant, School Counselor, Data Analyst, Assistant Editor, etc.|
|Placement Opportunities||Accenture, VIBGYOR High, International Justice Mission, HSBC, Crisil, EY (Ernst & Young), Wipro Technologies Ltd., Kotak Mahindra Bank, American Express Co. (AMEX), The Goldman Sachs Group, Inc., etc.|
There are plenty of specializations in which a student can pursue his/her MA degree. Some of these popular Master of Arts courses are given below:
|MA Language (English, French, German, Hindi, Spanish, Chinese/ Mandarin, Greek, Japanese and Latin)||MA Political Science|
|MA Economics||MA History|
|MA Psychology||MA Communication Studies|
|MA Philosophy||MA Archaeology|
|MA Sociology||MA Religious Studies|
|MA Geography||MA Library & Information Science|
|MA Literature||MA Teaching Education|
|MA Linguistics||MA International Relations|
Also Read: Courses after 12th Arts
Master of Arts eligibility criteria is different for different courses and colleges/universities. MA is a specialized course that gives students an in-depth knowledge of the discipline/domain they have picked. Therefore, some universities/colleges also conduct their own examination to select students. But there are some common criteria for MA admission that are mentioned below:
MA syllabus of each domain is quite unique and designed in such a way that MA students get in-depth knowledge of the specific subject. Master of Arts has numerous specializations and each subject specialization has its own syllabus. Given below is MA syllabus of some popular specializations like MA English, MA Economics, MA History, MA Political Science, MA Psychology, MA Sociology, and MA Rural Development.
MA Syllabus for English
MA Syllabus for History
MA Syllabus for Psychology
MA Rural Development Syllabus
MA Syllabus for Economics
MA Syllabus for Political Science
MA Syllabus for Sociology
The biggest difference between an MA and MSc degree are the subjects and how they are taught. Although prerequisites might differ by program, MA degrees normally relate to subjects in the arts, humanities, psychology, sociology, and social sciences domain, while MSc degrees typically relate to subjects in tech, natural sciences, medicine, administration, and mathematics domain.
To earn an MS degree, a substantial amount of field or laboratory work is involved. Students have to write and defend a thesis. In any field, an M.S program focuses more on the technical and hands-on aspects of practice, while an MA syllabus focuses on theoretical understanding. MA usually includes seminar-style classes and advanced level reading and writing within a discipline, and may or may not require a formal thesis.
Those who are interested in pursuing a Master of Arts degree can apply for the programme either online or offline. The applicants are narrowed down for the programme based on the grades received for the bachelor's degree programme and the results of the entrance exams for any applicable field in the arts, psychology, sociology, etc.
Aspirants can apply for the Master of Arts (MA) programme by downloading an admission form from the university or college website. After submitting their application forms to the college or university, applicants will be invited to take an entrance exam by college officials. Following this, there will be a personal interview, a group discussion, and counselling.
Most colleges hold their own entrance exams for Master of Arts admission, while others accept students based on merit. Some top universities also hold a second round of selection for admission to MA programmes, which includes WAT and PI.
Master of Arts selection process is based on the results of the entrance exam in the arts or any other subject, the grades received in grades 12 and 10, and the graduate degree marks obtained to the level of the Master of Arts in question. The college or university assigns seats to applicants based on a variety of Master of Arts (MA) requirements that applicants must meet as well as those that are suggested by the college or university officials after a written exam, in-person interview, counselling session, and group discussion.
Many colleges/universities accept students through online entrance exams. So, if you wish to pursue MA in any specialization these are the popular Master of Arts entrance exams you must give.
A student can pursue an MA degree in a variety of ways. Candidates must meet the eligibility requirements before enrolling in an MA programme in the field of their choice. Those who want to study full-time can enrol in a regular degree programme, while those with limited funds or time can pursue an MA through correspondence or distance education. Multiple colleges offer MA programmes in a variety of formats, which students can research on the college's official website.
Different ways by which a student can pursue a master of arts degree are mentioned below:
|Regular/ Full-Time MA Course||MA Correspondence Course||Part-time MA Course|
Top MA college in India, is the University of Delhi (DU) to pursue a Master of Arts degree. There are a number of good colleges affiliated to Delhi University from where a student can pursue an MA course. However, Kolkata, Maharashtra, Ahmedabad, and Chennai also boast some of the top Masters of Arts colleges in India. Some of these popular and highly ranked MA colleges are mentioned below.
|MA Colleges in Delhi||MA Colleges in Mumbai|
There are numerous good colleges where you can study MA subjects of your choice. Students can check out some of the best MA colleges in Delhi mentioned below:
There are plenty of arts colleges in Mumbai offering MA courses in various specializations. Given below are some of the best MA Colleges in Mumbai:
|MA Colleges in Kolkata||MA Colleges in Bangalore|
Also known as the "City of Joy", Kolkata is home to some of the most popular and prestigious higher education institutions in India. Some of the top MA Colleges in Kolkata are mentioned below:
Bangalore has plenty of colleges where students can pursue a wide range of courses. Check out the given list of top MA Colleges in Bangalore:
|MA Colleges in Pune|
There are around 112 Arts colleges in Pune out of which around 54 colleges in Pune offer MA courses with various MA subjects and MA Specializations. Check out the table below for the best MA Colleges in Pune:
The popular and highly sought-after MA course is also offered as a distance learning course. Distance in MA is strongly advised for working professionals who want to continue their education but are unable to find the time.
The following are the requirements for being eligible to pursue an MA via distance learning:
Below is a list of some of the top universities offering an MA in distance education:
|Name of the College||Location||Average Course Fees (INR)|
|IGNOU||New Delhi||INR 12,600|
|Mahatma Gandhi University||New Delhi||INR 2,475|
|University of Mumbai||Mumbai||INR 6015|
|Saraswati Distance Education||Mumbai||INR 27,000|
|Rabindra Bharati University||Kolkata||INR 6,800|
|Netaji Subhas Open University||Kolkata||INR 7,600|
There are thousands of study abroad programs for master’s degrees that allow international students to pursue MA course in a foreign destination. These MA abroad course provide education of international standards in some of the top universities around the world. There are plenty of universities across the world that award a Master in Arts degree to students upon completion of a course of study in specific MA subjects. With a Master’s Degree, students acquire qualifications to teach at universities or colleges in a certain discipline. Depending upon the study, the Masters's degrees are course-based, research-based, as well as both. Also, depending on the research work involved in some Master of Arts degree the duration of some programs is between one to six years.
There are thousands of universities and colleges around the world where students can pursue their studies. Some top Arts and Humanities Colleges in the world along with the college name and country name are mentioned below.
|QS World Rankings for Arts and Humanities||College Name||Country|
|1||University of Oxford||United Kingdom|
|2||Harvard University||United States|
|3||University of Cambridge||United Kingdom|
|4||University of California, Berkeley||United States|
|5||Stanford University||United States|
|6||Yale University||United States|
|7||New York University||United States|
|8||University of California, LA||United States|
|9||Princeton University||United States|
|10||Columbia University||United States|
The United States and the United Kingdom have some of the most prestigious universities. They offer world-class education and students from all over the world come here to study. MA in UK is more self-directed than a course or degree at the under graduation level. All university departments are audited by the relevant higher education funding councils and by the UK Research Councils for the Masters in UK courses offered by them. Similarly in the USA, some universities as part of their curriculum offer hands-on training and various research opportunities to the students. MA in USA includes assistantships, internships, and on-campus jobs. Students intending to pursue a Master's in USA have over 1,700 institutions to choose from with varied specializations offered by each University. You can also pursue an online MA from some of the top universities in the world.
Master of Arts (MA) Course fees as per the areas of specialization are mentioned below:
The fee structure of regular MA courses is different in different DU colleges. The MA fees structure based on different specializations of some top Delhi University colleges are mentioned below in the table:
|Colleges||MA Courses||MA Fees|
|Lady Shree Ram College||MA Economics (Hons.)||INR 17,976|
|MA English (Hons.)|
|MA Hindi (Hons.)|
|MA History (Hons.)|
|MA Mathematics (Hons.)|
|MA Statistics (Hons.)|
|MA Philosophy (Hons.)|
|MA Psychology (Hons.)|
|MA Pol. Science (Hons.)|
|MA Sanskrit (Hons.)|
|St. Stephen’s College||MA in Economics||INR 38,470|
|MA Operational Research|
|Miranda House||MA Bengali||INR 14,530|
|MA Music||INR 13,330|
|MA in Economics||INR 17,030|
|Hindu College||MA English||INR 12,307|
|MA in Political Science|
|Hansraj College||MA in Economics||INR 12,307|
|Ramjas College||MA Bengali||INR 9,380|
|MA in Economics|
|MA Operational Research|
|MA in Political Science|
|Jesus and Mary College||MA English||INR 12,823|
|Kamla Nehru College For Women||MA English||INR 7999|
|MA in Political Science|
|Sri Venkateswara College||MA English||INR 11,976|
Although any candidate can pursue a Master of Arts degree, there are certain skillsets that all candidates planning to pursue a Master of Arts degree should possess. Candidates must be dedicated and focused on the subject in which they wish to pursue their master's degree. A postgraduate degree requires more determination and grit than an undergraduate degree. This is largely due to the extensive research required for the course. As a result, the following are some essential skills that MA candidates should possess:
Candidates who complete their MA degree course can study further to either pursue an MPhil/ PhD in the field of their choice. They can also opt for a job in a good company or become a professor in a university/college. However, students must keep in mind that they would be offered a job in the domain they have completed their MA degree. Some well-known career options and job prospects after MA degress are mentioned below.
Following the completion of their MA courses, students are presented with a diverse range of job opportunities, ranging from teaching to part-time professorships, from management to starting their own business. The following are the various MA job profiles that candidates may be offered after earning an MA degree in relevant subjects:
If a student likes teaching and has a good grasp of a subject then this profile can be one of the best options after MA. As a teacher/professor one must prepare lectures to teach students as per the course curriculum.
A teacher must incorporate various teaching methods and also note that the classroom environment is suited for learning. A teacher plays a huge role in mentoring pupils on a frequent basis to help them grow into responsible adults and prepare them for the life ahead.
Lawyer is a good career option for someone who has done an MA degree in Law or related fields. Students who have an eye for detail and oration skills can become a good lawyer if they follow the career path diligently.
It is a lucrative field with a good average starting salary in India and with some years of experience, candidates can earn a huge amount. There are multiple specializations in the field of law as well so you can choose as per your preferences and knowledge.
The profile of an Administrative Officer is good for a student who has gained a degree in MA. The job of an Administrative Officer is to act as a bridge between the company employees and provide any administrative support needed by them.
He is also entrusted to manage the queries of employees. There is an Administrative Department in each company where an administrative officer is employed to manage office stocks, prepare reports on expenses and office budget, and also arrange the records of the company.
Many students get into this field after pursuing a Master's degree in social work or rural development. After getting an MA degree from a recognized college one can apply for jobs in various fields. Job opportunities are always high in the medical field so students with specialization in the medical field can work in hospitals, nursing homes, and rehabilitation centers.
MA in Social Work students can find a good opportunity in other areas such as substance abuse where social workers are high in demand. MA graduates can work in substance abuse areas like rehabilitation centres and non-profit organizations which are quite prominent these days.
|Counsellor||In such a job profile, one needs to speak to individuals who are facing personal or professional difficulties and help them overcome their problems and thereafter make appropriate changes in their life.|
Students who have done MA in Journalism or MA in English can find good opportunities in media houses. In such a job profile an individual is expected to work in different fields such as Politics, Sports, Crime, Entertainment, etc.
Within journalism, students can be news writers who are supposed to put the facts at hand into words and the anchor can present them to the world. Being a columnist can be a great career for those who have a specialized area of interest or contribute their views on a particular news segment.
Some of the top recruiters who hire fresh graduates with an MA degree are listed below.
|ITC Limited||Amazon. in||Capgemini|
|Myntra||Hindustan Times||Times of India|
Looking at the various job profiles that are offered to an MA graduate, the range of salaries along with their designated positions are mentioned below for your reference.
|Job Profile||Average Salary|
|Content Writer||INR 2.87 LPA|
|Journalist||INR 3.46 LPA|
|Social Worker||INR 3.88 LPA|
|Teacher||INR 5 LPA|
|Consultant||INR 5.5 LPA|
There are numerous opportunities to pursue an MA in any specialisation. Students who have pursued an MA, for instance, will have a unique perspective or an innovative point of view on a specific subject.
After completing their Master of arts students can plan to study further and do an M.Phil or PhD in the subject of their interest. For pursuing any of these the students will have to appear for an entrance examination because there is no merit-based selection when it comes to pursuing an MPhil or PhD.
Furthermore, if someone doesn’t want to study further then he/she can choose to join corporates and other organizations to kick start their professional careers. They can even prepare for some government exams like UPSC, State PCS as their field of study will help a lot in these exams.
Master of Philosophy (MPhil) is a 2-year research-based advanced postgraduate degree course that tends to be a mixture of both taught subjects and researched subjects in a specific field of study. Candidates can pursue an MPhil course if they have successfully completed their master’s degree in a related field of study in which they desire to pursue an MPhil course. Apart from this basic requirement, some colleges also specify that candidates should have secured an aggregate of 55% marks at the postgraduate level in the subject in which they want to pursue an MPhil degree.
PhD also known as Doctor of Philosophy is a 5-year course that deals with an in-depth and intrinsic study of research for any relevant subject. Aspirants are eligible to pursue a PhD course only if they have completed their master’s degree in a similar course/ field/ stream in which they want to pursue a PhD. Some colleges also specify that candidates need to have completed an MPhil to pursue a PhD course offered by them.
Apart from this, many colleges state that candidates meet the eligibility criteria for PhD programmes offered by them if they have cleared UGC NET. Candidates who want to pursue a PhD in Engineering need to possess a valid GATE score.
Master of Arts (MA) degrees are among the most sought-after academic degrees worldwide. Let's say the students are enthusiastic about sharing their creativity, knowledge, and skills along with the most recent developments. In that case, they likely already are aware of the rewarding careers that a bachelor's and master's degree in the arts can bring to a candidate.
Demand: Due to their in-depth exploration of all subjects, master's degrees are in high demand. They have many job opportunities as well as global opportunities in every talent area.
Career Development: A Master of Arts (MA) position enables you to think critically, produce, and analyse subject-specific knowledge. A Master of Arts degree focuses on personality development, and having one can open up a variety of job opportunities.
Jobs & Opportunities: A Master of Arts degree is fantastic because today almost every company is about language, communication, marketing, entertainment, blogs, content development, and promotion. As a postgraduate in these fields, you can access more jobs and industries than almost any other profession.
And at last, Master of Arts job opportunities in India and abroad are in high demand, with a diverse range of options available to postgraduates. Some Master of Arts graduates can go into teaching, media, education, theatre, hospitality, writing, research, and other fields. Master of Arts students have opportunities for advancement and advancement in a variety of public and private sectors of reputable organisations in India and abroad. MA is one of the highest-paying jobs in India, with good numbers and a good annual salary package.
After graduating, a student has a choice of 94 Master of Arts (MA) courses that they can enroll in. They can enroll in any of the affiliated universities located in Delhi, Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, Andhra Pradesh, Telangana, the Punjab, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, and other states.
Nine papers will be presented (four in Previous and five in Final). Each exam will last three hours and be worth 100 points.
Universities and colleges administer entrance exams for enrollment in any Master of Arts (MA) programme. Only a small number of universities grant admission based on the results of the qualifying exam.
An MA Economy has numerous career options. An MA economics graduate can work in a variety of fields, including banking, finance, the stock market, management organisations, and so on.
While the MBA is appropriate for students from any professional or academic background seeking greater career flexibility, management jobs, or business ownership, Masters programmes are preferable for students seeking highly specialised knowledge in a specific area.