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    Civil Engineering

    Civil Engineering (CE) Overview

    Civil Engineering or CE is a professional engineering discipline that focuses on the layout, construction, and supervision of the physical and naturally constructed environment, including public assignments such as roads, bridges, canals, railways, etc. Candidates can pursue the CE course straight after completing their Class 10+2 or graduation or even post-graduation. The CE course relates to protecting the public and environmental health as well as improving existing infrastructure. Admission into CE courses is done on the basis of merit and entrance exams. Candidates who want to pursue the CE course should score at least 50% in the last qualifying exam with a subject combination of Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. Apart from the merit, candidates have to appear in entrance exams that include JEE Main, JEE Advanced, GATE, VITEEE, TS POLYCET, AP POLYCET, TS EAMCET, BITSAT, MHT CET, WBJEE, etc. 

    CE can be pursued online, as well as through distance education. Some of the top institutes that render CE courses in India are IIT Kharagpur, Jadavpur University, NIT Durgapur, IIEST Shibpur, Narula Institute of Technology, etc. The average course fee of a Civil Engineering course ranges from INR INR 6, 000 to INR 25,00,000. 

    Civil Engineering Course Highlights

    The table below highlights the features of the Civil Engineering course. Candidates are advised to check the highlights of the CE course before proceeding with the other topics. It is advised so that the candidates get a broad idea about the topics that will be discussed in this piece.



    Course Name

    Civil Engineering Courses

    Short form



    3 to 4 Years

    Admission Process

    • Merit
    • Entrance exam

    Eligibility Criteria


    • Candidates must have passed class 10 or its equivalent examination with a minimum of 45% marks in aggregate each in Science and Mathematics as compulsory subjects
    • They must have also studied English as one of the compulsory subjects


    • Candidates must have passed class 10+2 or equivalent examination from any recognized central or state board with Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics as compulsory subjects
    • BTech admissions are done through the entrance exams

    Post Graduation

    • The candidates must have passed a BTech degree with a minimum passing percentage in the aggregation of all subjects studied in the undergraduate CE program
    • Admissions are through the engg entrance exams

    Entrance Exams

    Top Institutes

    • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT)
    • National Institute of Technology (NIT)
    • Indian Institute of Information Technology (IIIT)
    • Jadavpur University
    • Narula Institute of Technology (NiT)
    • Lovely Professional University (LPU)
    • Vellore Institute of Technology (VIT)

    Fee Structure

    INR 6, 000 to INR 25,00,000


    INR 2 LPA to INR 8 LPA

    Top Recruiters 

    • TATA Consulting Engineers Ltd
    • Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd
    • Maytas Infra Ltd
    • Jones Lang LaSalle
    • Schlumberger
    • Shapoorji Pallonji

    Civil Engineering Eligibility Criteria

    • Diploma in Civil Engineering- The minimum qualification required to pursue a CE course for a candidate to pursue Diploma in Civil Engineering is class 10 with a subject combination of Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics and attained at least 45% marks in aggregate or equivalent from a well-recognized university
    • Undergraduate Civil Engineering- Candidates must complete their class 10+2 exam from a recognized board in India. An average score of 50-60% is expected along with the completion of a secondary board examination in Physics, Chemistry, and Mathematics. The results of various entrance exams as mentioned earlier at the national level, state-wise, and college-based exams cut-off is also taken into consideration
    • Postgraduate Civil Engineering- Candidates must have completed a Diploma or an undergraduate degree from a recognized university in India with a relevant course such as B.Tech is mandatory. Institutes have their respective cut-offs of achieved percentile to get admission into M. Tech and Civil Engineering Courses

    Civil Engineering Types

    The Civil Engineering course can be pursued online, offline, and at distance colleges. Some of the online courses, Diploma in Civil Engineering PG Diploma in Civil Engineering, and short-term courses from the recognized institutes in Civil Engineering, certification courses have been listed in the following tables.

    Civil Engineering Online Courses

    Course Name



    Revit 2022: Essential Training for MEP



    Renewable Engineering and Green Building Entrepreneurship



    Fundamentals of Structural Analysis


    INR 3,499

    Structural Design


    INR 314, 198

    Construction Management



    Civil Engineering



    Diploma in Structural Dynamics for Civil Engineers - SDOF Systems



    Water Management


    INR 29157

    Soil Mechanics Part 1


    INR 3,899

    Diploma in Civil Engineering


    CE Fees

    Walchand College Of Engineering - [WCE], Sangli

    INR 8,815

    Sri Venkateswara College Of Engineering And Technology - [SVCET], Chittoor

    INR 25,000

    Jamia Millia Islamia (JMI)

    INR 8,970

    Aligarh Muslim University

    INR 189,570

    Sree Vidyanikethan Engineering College (SVEC)


    Narula Institute of Technology, Kolkata

    INR 55,000

    Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute

    INR 11,209

    Ganpat University

    INR 43,000

    Chandigarh University

    INR 19,400

    Lovely Professional University

    INR 60,000

    PG Diploma in Civil Engineering

    Course Name



    Post Graduate Diploma in Civil Engineering

    INR 25,700

    National Institute of Management, Mumbai, Malda West

    Renewable Energy and Green Building Entrepreneurship

    Free/Audit Available

    Duke university

    PGD Civil Engineering, Gandhinagar


    IIT Gandhinagar

    Construction Scheduling

    Unknown/ funding available

    Coursera Mountain View

    Construction Project Management

    Unknown/ funding available

    Coursera Columbia University

    Autodesk Certified Professionals

    INR 2,970 to INR 5,940


    BIM Fundamentals for Engineers

    INR 90,055 -INR 120,073

    National Taiwan University

    Post Graduate Diploma in Civil Engineering Courses

    INR 54,000


    Certification Civil Engineering Courses

    Course Name



    Design of Flexural Beams in Steel Structures



    BIM Fundamentals for Engineers



    Introduction to Engineering Mechanics



    Fundamentals of Bridge Design

    INR 950



    INR 3,604


    Fundamentals of Structural Analysis

    INR 700


    Basics of Civil Engineering Courses in Construction

    INR 700


    The Art of Structural Engineering



    Water Management

    INR 9,930


    Civil Engineering Specializations

    Candidates who wish to pursue a Civil Engineering course can opt for various specializations with which they will be able to carry on with their careers. The list of Civil engineering specializations has been highlighted in the following table. Candidates can take a look at it to get clarity. 

    Civil Engineering Specializations

    Construction Engineering

    Coastal and Ocean Engineering

    Geotechnical Engineering

    Fire protection engineering

    Structural Engineering

    General Engineering

    Bridge Engineering

    Irrigation Engineering

    Land development

    Materials Engineering

    Transportation engineering

    Urban Engineering

    Hydraulic Engineering

    Water Resources Engineering

    Environmental Engineering

    Civil Engineering Entrance Exams

    The entrance exams through which candidates are admitted into various Civil Engineering Courses have been listed in the points below.

    JEE Main

    The Joint Entrance Examination Main or commonly known as the JEE Main is a national-level entrance examination that is conducted for candidates all over India and abroad for admission into the top engineering institutes in India. 

    JEE Advanced

    The Joint Entrance Examination Advanced or commonly known as the JEE Advanced is a national-level entrance exam conducted by the top IITs for candidates who are willing to pursue engineering courses. Every year more than 2.5 Lakh candidates register for the entrance exam.


    The Graduate Aptitude Test in Engineering or GATE is a post-graduation national level entrance exam that is conducted for the candidates who are willing to take admission into the MTech course across the institutes of India.


    BITSAT is an entrance exam exclusively for admissions into the Birla Institute of Technology and Science. A specific cut-off is fixed according to which BITSAT cut-off is selected. Roughly around 500,000 candidates appear for this entrance exam with less than 3000 seats.


    KCET is a Karnataka-based State level common entrance exam. KEA conducts KCET for the candidates who are willing to get into any engineering stream in Karnataka-based colleges. Around 2 lakh candidates register and appear for this KCET examination. Candidates who clear the KCET cut-off get access to about 211 engineering colleges across Karnataka.

    Top Civil Engineering Colleges in India & Fees

    The table below highlights the minimum and maximum civil engineering fee ranges for public and private colleges in India.

    Minimum fees

    Maximum fees







    22.64 K

    6 K

    22.23 L

    16.57 L


    26.00 K

    5.40 K

    17.50 L

    4.98 L


    26.00 K

    6.00 K

    15.98 L

    4.86 L


    2.50 K

    1.8 K

    11.94 L

    3.00  L

    Top Civil Engineering Colleges in India

    Let us discuss the top civil engineering colleges in India along with their fees given in the table below:

    Civil Engineering Colleges

    CE fee

    Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Bombay course fee 

    INR 908,400

    MIT Manipal - Manipal Institute of Technology course fee 

    INR 1,616,000

    VIT Vellore - Vellore Institute of Technology course fee 

    INR 692,000

    COEP Pune - College of Engineering course fee 

    INR 339450

    SRM University Chennai - SRM Institute of Science and Technology course fee 

    INR 100000

    DSCE Bangalore - Dayananda Sagar College of Engineering course fee 

    INR 489654

    RVCE Bangalore - RV College of Engineering course fee 

    INR 334140

    MSU Baroda - Maharaja Sayajirao University of Baroda course fee 

    INR 33360

    JMI New Delhi - Jamia Millia Islamia course fee 

    INR 64600

    Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) Madras course fee 

    INR 804400

    PSG Tech Coimbatore - PSG College of Technology course fee 

    INR 240000

    MSRIT Bangalore - Ramaiah Institute of Technology course fee 

    INR 292478

    DTU Delhi - Delhi Technological University course fee 

    INR 780800

    LDCE Ahmedabad - LD College of Engineering course fee 

    INR 8490

    LPU Jalandhar - Lovely Professional University course fee 

    INR 992000

    VJTI Mumbai - Veermata Jijabai Technological Institute course fee 

    INR 258490

    IIEST Shibpur - Indian Institute of Engineering Science and Technology course fee 

    INR 544000

    Study Civil Engineering Abroad

    CE or Civil Engineering is the oldest profession and is quite demanded across the world. The scope of civil engineering courses is huge in relation to job offerings in multinationals, the construction industry, and even defense or military services. Civil engineers are offered jobs in both the public as well as private sectors. Civil engineers from across the world should deal with individuals and solve current and ongoing problems with their analytical thinking and innovative senses. 

    Candidates who work as civil engineers not only earn the facets of the course but also the process to work in teams, practically on the field, maintaining harmony amongst all the members, etc. With respect to the sector employed, the range for the average salary lies around INR 3-5 lakhs per annum. Candidates can either opt for higher studies or can sign up for online courses.

    Civil Engineering Abroad Top Colleges 

    The top civil engineering abroad colleges that the candidates can refer to for their admission and build up their careers have been highlighted in the pointers below:

    1. The University of British Columbia,
    2. University of East London, London, UK
    3. Amity University, Dubai Campus, Dubai, UAE
    4. The University of Toronto, Toronto, Canada
    5. Teesside University, Middlesbrough, UK
    6. University of Alberta, Edmonton, Canada
    7. Texas A & M University, College Station, USA
    8. The Technical University of Munich, Munich, Germany
    9. Arizona State University, Tempe, USA
    10. University of Greenwich, London, UK

    Civil Engineering Syllabus

    The Civil Engineering syllabus for all four years has been listed below. Candidates should check them so that they can get a detailed idea of the same.

    First Year Civil Engineering Syllabus

    The syllabus for the first year of the civil engineering course has been highlighted in the table below.




    Introduction to Environmental Studies

    General Chemistry

    Communication Skills (Basic)

    Water Supply Engineering

    Communication Skills (Advanced)

    Geomatics Engineering-I

    Fluid Mechanics

    Ethics and Self Awareness

    Introduction to Civil Engineering

    Numerical Methods and Computer Programming

    Second Year Civil Engineering Syllabus

    The syllabus for the second year of the civil engineering course has been highlighted in the table below.


    Electrical Sciences

    Waste Water Engineering

    Geomatics Engineering – II

    Basic Manufacturing Processes

    Engineering Hydrology

    Engineering Graphics

    Structural Analysis – I

    Structural Analysis-II

    Channel Hydraulics

    Highway and Traffic Engineering

    HSS Elective Course

    Design of Reinforced Concrete Elements

    Third Year Civil Engineering Syllabus

    The syllabus for the third year of the civil engineering course has been highlighted in the table below.


    Soil Mechanics

    Foundation Engineering

    Design of Structural Systems

    Practical Problem

    Railway Engineering and Airport Planning

    Design of Steel Elements

    Department Elective Course – I

    Department Elective Course – II

    Technical Communication

    Department Honors Course I or Minor Specialization Course I

    Open Elective Course/ Management Studies Elective Course

    Open Elective Course/ Management Studies Elective Course

    Educational Tour


    Fourth Year Civil Engineering Syllabus

     The syllabus for the fourth year of the civil engineering course has been highlighted in the table below.


    B. Tech. Project

    B. Tech. Project (Contd. From Autumn Semester)

    Department Elective Course-III

    Department Elective Course-V

    Department Elective Course-IV

    Department Elective Course-VI

    Minor Specialization Course II / Department Honors Course II

    Minor Specialization Course-IV / Department Honors Course – IV

    Minor Specialization Course III / Department Honors Course III

    Minor Specialization Course-V / Department Honors Course – V

    Training Seminar


    Required Skill Set for Civil Engineering

    When civil engineers are hired for a position, the human resources team is always after certain skills that the individuals must hold in order to get selected for the particular job role. 


    Leadership Skills

    Negotiating Skills

    Team Player

    Passion for Learning

    Problem Solving Skills

    Ability to Visualize

    Attention to Detail

    Good Time Management

    Let us look at each required skill set one by one to have a better understanding. 

    1. Technical Skills: The most important is technical skills. These are very crucial as civil engineering professionals need to have a substantial foundation of core subjects like mathematics and physics to determine and crack related situations.
    2. Concentration on Details: With the task of encountering problematic circumstances and challenges, it's not only necessary to come up with the correct answer but to also pay concentration to the most diminutive of details that are not perceptible to the ordinary eye and see to it that the task is accomplished to the fullest capacity.
    3. Creativity: This skillfulness is very useful when it comes to Civil Engineering courses as many can accomplish the engineering process, but recruiters are looking out for those candidates who are outstanding with their innovative wrenches to the same geriatric basic structures.
    4. Team Player: Civil engineering candidates are mandated to work in teams, and hence communication is a crucial factor that will administer collaboration. It is also important to put the team's goals above self-goals to acquire success as a team.
    5. Ability to visualize: One of the rudimentary skills demanded to be a civil engineer is the ability to visualize as, without the skill, the comprehensive blueprint will not be transparent. Ultimately, the final plan will not be executed as per the blueprint. Consequently, the capability to picture the final configuration or output is necessary to strategize work to get it done as per a clear concept.
    6. Analytical thinking: Civil engineering graduates continuously adjust little characteristics of a model or a framework that can, in turn, have huge consequences. Differentiating points, scrutinizing, and constructing and implementing solutions direct analytical consideration at each stage.  

    Course Curriculum for Civil Engineering

    The civil engineering course is designed in a manner to impart technical knowledge and skills to candidates who are needed to be efficient in their individual fields. Civil engineering courses incorporate the regulations of mathematical engineering, hydraulics, technicians, and electrical engineering and permit scientific expertise and modern technology to be executed in various structural construction operations. On the basis of the level of pedagogy, the basic approach curriculum is subject to transformation across organizations. The widespread curriculum, nonetheless, seeks to assign candidates with the practical knowledge required to support and consolidate the work ruptures in the constantly transforming domain.

    Career Options and Job Prospects after Civil Engineering

    The career options that are available to the candidates after the completion of the civil engineering courses are Structural Engineer, Geotechnical Engineer, Site Engineer, Construction Engineer, Lecturer/Professor, etc. A detailed study of their professions has been explained in the table below.

    Job Profile

    Job Description

    Structural Engineer

    Structural engineers, as the expression proposes, deal with the designing, planning, and building of public infrastructure like edifices, bridges, and so on.

    Geotechnical Engineer

    • Geotechnical engineers manage things connected to the physical layout and segments of Earth
    • They initiate projects and find resolutions for the same

    Site Engineer

    As site engineers, civil engineers are accountable for the site across-the-board in terms of safety, health, and protection as well as overseeing raw materials.

    Construction Engineer

    • Construction Engineers are in control of watching major construction sites and assignments
    • They guarantee that the approach is unassailable and smooth


    As a civil engineer graduate, the candidate can take the possibility to instruct and train the candidate to be prepared for the industry.

    What is a Civil Engineering salary?

    The average pay for civil engineering that can be obtained to ensure a sustained and smooth future is a critical benchmark to be assessed. Therefore, it is very significant for candidates to not just assume future job opportunities but also the average salary delivered alongside it. A few job profiles for civil engineering with average annual incomes are noted below.

    Job Profile

    Average Annual Income 

    Structural Engineer

    INR 4 to 5 Lakhs Per Annum (Approx.)

    Geotechnical Engineer

    INR 1  to 5 Lakhs Per Annum (Approx.)

    Site Engineer

    INR 1 to 3 Lakhs Per Annum (Approx.)

    Construction Engineer

    INR 4 to 6 Lakhs Per Annum (Approx.)


    INR 3 to 6 Lakhs Per Annum (Approx.)

    Top Recruiters of Civil Engineers

    Some of the most widespread companies that hire Civil Engineering graduates are listed below.

    1. TATA Consulting Engineers Ltd
    2. Power Grid Corporation of India Ltd
    3. Maytas Infra Ltd
    4. Jones Lang LaSalle
    5. Schlumberger
    6. Shapoorji Pallonji

    FAQs about CE

    What is Civil Engineering?

    Civil Engineering is a course that deals with the development of the practical skills mandated to plan, design and execute the building of public infrastructure.


    What is the average salary available for freshers after completing civil engineering?

    Individuals can earn an average of INR 2 LPA to INR 5 LPA after completing this course.


    What are some of the top Indian universities that offer civil engineering as a UG course?

    The top Indian institutes that offer civil engineering course to the candidates are listed in the pointers below.

    • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Roorkee
    • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT) BHU, Varanasi
    • Indian Institute of Technology (IIT), Delhi
    • Birla Institute of Technology and Science (BITS)

    Can I do Civil Engineering after Class 12?

    Yes, you can pursue civil engineering after class 12. In order to pursue civil engineering, you will have to pursue it through BTech or B.E degrees.

    As a future civil engineer, which foreign language would be advantageous for me?

    Well, it depends on the country you have to travel to. The country’s language where you'll be stationed helps you to do internships and get project work.

    Show More

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