Bachelor of Ayurveda Medical & Surgery or BAMS is a UG degree program that offers an integrated course and covers a wide range of subjects of traditional Ayurveda and modern medical system. Aspirants can apply for this programme after completing their higher secondary education in the science stream. In this course, students learn about different topics of Ayurveda, medical practices, and more.
BAMS is a 5-year-6-month bachelor’s program The program comprises a one-year mandatory internship. After graduating from the BAMS course, candidates gain expertise in the field of Ayurveda and Ayurvedic medicine. This is a regular degree offered in offline mode. Aspirants have to study in classrooms as there is no distance learning option available.
Renowned colleges such as Banaras Hindu University, Dr. DY Patil Vidyapeeth, Pune, Bharati Vidyapeeth Deemed University, IMS Varanasi, RK University, etc. offer admission to the BAMS program. The course fee ranges from INR 25,000 to INR 3,50,000. Once graduated, aspirants can explore careers as Business Development Officers, Category Managers, Ayurvedic doctors, Resident Medical Officers, Medical Representatives, Jr. Clinical Trial Coordinators, and many more.
Check out the major BAMS course highlights here.
|Minimum Academic Requirement||10+2 (Science Stream)|
|Subject Requirement||Physics, Chemistry and Biology|
|Minimum Aggregate Score Requirement||50% or More|
|Admission/ Selection Process||Entrance Exam Based|
|Exams Accepted||NEET, OJEE, KEAM, etc.|
|Average Course Fee||INR 25,000 - INR 3,00,000|
|Average Initial Salary||INR 3,00,000 - INR 15,00,000|
|Areas of Employment||Govt/Pvt Hospitals, Nursing Homes, Ayurvedic Clinics, Own Business, Wellness Centres, etc|
The practice of Ayurveda Medicine has been prevalent in India since the Vedic period. Although many original texts depicting the practice of Ayurveda have been lost over the years, the positive impacts and benefits of Ayurveda are still intact and prevalent in today's times. Ayurvedic Medicine has now been recognised all over the world as an important part of medicinal studies. The World Health Organisation has recently taken up several initiatives to spread awareness of Ayurvedic medical practices.
One of the primary highlights of BAMS courses is that the syllabus for the same includes a vast of topics to be covered such as the study of Kriya Sharira, Rachana Sharira, Dravyuaguna, Yoga, Shalya Tantra, Roga Nidana and Vikriti Vijnana, Shalakya Tantra etc. It also studies human anatomy, physiology, pathology & diagnostic procedures, principles of medicine, toxicology, forensic medicine, pharmacology, E.N.T, gynaecology & obstetrics, ophthalmology and principles of surgery from modern medicine.
BAMS Course is accepted and encouraged worldwide. All doctors and scientists are perpetually interested in finding alternative and traditional medicines for curing diseases. Since Ayurveda is considered one of the ancient and traditional ways of treating severe as well as minor ailments, there is no doubt that this field has immense potential and variety of career prospects.
All candidates have the option to do a bridge course after the completion of BAMS course, to practice allopathy medicine. Additionally, BAMS students are generally considered equivalent to MBBS graduates.
Interestingly, various health centers have been set up by various state governments as well, for the practice of Ayurveda all over India. Various MD and MS courses after BAMS are available nowadays for a better understanding of the subjects.
All candidates who are interested in the integrated study of Medical Science and Traditional Ayurveda, should pursue a BAMS degree to have an insightful understanding of the subjects and to grow in the field. All candidates wishing to pursue BAMS should have completed their 10+2 with Physics, Chemistry and Biology from a recognized board. Also, candidates who are interested in finding alternative methods for the treatment of diseases are also advised to enroll themselves into BAMS courses to satisfy their desired career prospects.
The eligibility criteria for the Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) course are as follows:
It is important to note that the eligibility criteria may vary slightly depending on the university or institute offering the BAMS course, and candidates are advised to check the specific criteria before applying. Meeting the eligibility criteria does not guarantee admission, as the admission process may also include an entrance exam, personal interview, and merit-based selection.
The admission process for BAMS typically involves the following steps:
Some of the popular colleges in India that offer BAMS degree to their students are listed below
|Banaras Hindu University||Varanasi|
|Dr. DY Patil Vidyapeeth||Pune|
|Bharati University Deemed University||Pune|
There are many universities in foreign countries that offer ayurvedic education to students. Some of the most popular ones can be found below
|American Institute of Vedic Studies||United States of America|
|Leicester School of Ayurveda||United Kingdom|
|Australasian Institution of Ayurvedic Studies||New Zeland|
|California College of Ayurveda||United States of America|
|The Ayurvedic College of Great Britain||United Kingdom|
The state and city-wise distribution of BAMS colleges in India are mentioned below for your reference
Popular BAMS colleges in Punjab are listed below
|Guru Nanak Ayurvedic Medical College and Research Institute||Ludhiana|
|Babe Ke Ayurvedic Medical College||Moga|
|Dayanand Ayurvedic College||Jalandhar|
|Baba Farid University of Health Sciences||Faridkot|
Popular BAMS colleges in Delhi NCR are mentioned below
Top BAMS colleges in Uttar Pradesh are
|Institute of Medical Sciences||Varanasi|
|Chhatrapati Shahuji Maharaj University||Kanpur|
|AUAMC Aligarh - Aligarh Unani PG and Ayurvedic Medical College||Lucknow|
|Shri Dhanwantri Ayurvedic Medical College||Lucknow|
Colleges in Karnataka offering BAMS degree are
|AVS Ayurvedic Mahavidyalaya||Bijapur|
|Acharya Deshabhushan Ayurvedic Medical College and Hospital||Belagavi|
|Bapuji Ayurvedic Medical College And Hospital||Bangalore|
|Shri JG Cooperative Hospital And Research Institute||Bangalore|
|Indian Institute Of Ayurvedic Medicine And Research||Bangalore|
The average course fee for a Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medical and Surgery lies within the range of 25,000 to 3,00,000. Course fees of some colleges are given below
|Rajiv Gandhi Memorial Ayurvedic College & Hospital||INR 70,000|
|Bharati Vidyapeeth College of Ayurveda||INR 2,80,000|
|Dr DY Patil Vidyapeeth||INR 4,00,000|
|Indian Institute of Ayurvedic Medicine and Research||INR 1,50,000|
Students are often found confused about whether to opt for the BAMS or pursue BHMS course. The study structure is a bit similar - making students wonder which option will be best for their career. Here’s a brief comparison of BAMS VS BHMS for candidates’ reference:
|Parameters||BHMS (Bachelor of Homeopathic Medicine and Surgery)||BAMS (Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery)|
|Course Duration (in years)||5.5||5.5|
|Subject of Study||Homeopathy Medicine and Surgery||Ashtanga Ayurveda|
|Average Course Fees||INR 30 K to 1 LPA||INR 25 K to 3.5 LPA|
|Eligibility||10+2 with PCB and a minimum of 50% marks||10+2 with PCB and a minimum of 50% marks|
|No. of colleges||225||419|
|No. of seats||23,250||29,470|
|Placement Package||3.5 Lakhs||4.0 Lakhs|
|Career Prospects||Therapists, Specialists, Public Health Specialists, and Pharmacists.||Specialists, Clinical Trial Coordinators, Therapists, and Pharmacists.|
The course comparison of BAMS and MBBS degree courses is given below
|Full form||Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery||Bachelor of Medicine Bachelor of Surgery|
|Entrance Exams||IPU CET, KEAM, BVP CET, NEET UG||NEET UG|
|Admission Process||Entrance Exam||Entrance Exam|
|College||IMS, Bharati University Deemed University, Yenepoya University,||AIIMS, Kolkata Medical College, Grant Medical College|
The entire coursework of Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medical and Surgery is spread across 5 years, with a 1-year internship at the end. The evaluation is done in semester mode and each year, 2 sessions are held in June/July and November/December. The year-wise syllabus for BAMS is given below for your convenience.
|1st Year||2nd Year||3rd Year||4th Year|
|Rachana Sharir||Dravyaguna Vigyan||Agadtantra||Kayachikitsa|
|Padartha Vigyan And Ayurved Itihas||Diseases of Rasa Vaha Srotas||Prasuti Tantra Evum Stri Roga||Panchkarma|
|Sanskrit||Charak Samhita||Swasthavritta||Shalya Tantra|
|Maulik Siddhant Avum Ashtang Hridaya||Rasashastra||Charak Samhita (Uttarardha)||Research Methodology And Medical Statistics|
|Kriya Sharir||Roga Nidan||Kaumarbhritya Parichaya||Shalakya Tantra|
There are a lot of subjects taught to the students during the coursework of Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medical and Surgery programme. However, the syllabus structure may vary according to the college and state. There are a few core topics that are common, irrespective of the specialization and institution. Here are those core subjects
|Padartha Vigyanam||In this subject, learners are introduced to the basic concepts of ayurvedic medicine and medical practices. They also learn about the various definitions, principles, and studies by other eminent scholars.|
|Ayurveda Itihas||As the name suggests, this subject talks in detail about the history of Ayurveda, its origin, evolution, development, and modern practices. Students learn about all these topics thoroughly.|
|Kriya Sharir||This is the ayurvedic term for Physiology. In this subject, individuals learn about various parts and organs of the body, their functions, and their importance.|
|Rachna Sharir||This subject of ayurvedic study talks about anatomy and its branches like an anthology, embryology, etc.|
|Dravyaguna Vigyan||This subject of ayurvedic studies discusses drugs and their importance, usage, and proper medical handling. This is basically the pharmacology discipline of ayurvedic courses.|
|Roga Nidan||As evident from its name, the subject contains detailed studies about several diseases, infections, disorders of organs and body parts, etc. Students can also do a thorough research study on the pathogens, viruses, and bacteria that cause diseases.|
|Agadtantra||Pupil read about chemicals, poisons, etc. They learn how to handle any emergency medical situation involving poisoning. This subject also includes studying the chemical properties of poisons and other chemical liquids.|
|Balaroga||As the name suggests, this subject deals with all the diseases and disorders that affect children. Some of the common diseases that this subject covers are typhoid, chickenpox, dysentery, measles, chickenpox, etc.|
|Shalya Tantra||In this subject, students are taught about different types of medical instruments, techniques of anesthesia, and surgical procedures. The instructors demonstrate to the students the use of all the necessary methods for performing surgeries.|
|Netra Roga Vigyan||Under this discipline, all eye-related problems, and disorders are explained thoroughly. They learn about how to correctly diagnose eye problems.|
There are many specialization courses that students can choose from after or during the Bachelor of Ayurveda Medical and Surgery course. Some of the popular choices of students for specialization in ayurvedic studies are
|Rasa Shastra||This course discusses in detail how to store medicines and keep the quality of medical equipment intact.|
|Swasthavrittra||Discusses how to maintain a healthy lifestyle - diet, food, sleep, and exercise.|
|Kayachikitsa||This specialization enables students to handle any kind of emergency medical situation, manage disorders and diagnose diseases.|
|Shallya Tantra||Students learn about anesthesia procedures, sterilizations, and surgical systems.|
|Agad Tantra||Comprises in-depth topics covering the laws relating to poisons, chemicals, acids, etc.|
Several books have been published for the students of this course. Some of the suggested reads are mentioned below
|Padartha Vigyan||Ravi Dutta Tripathi|
|Indian Medicine in the Classical Age||P.V. Sharma|
|Ayurvediya Kriya Sharir||Ranjit Rai Desai|
|Ayurvedic Human Anatomy||Prof. Dr. Giridhar M. Kanthi|
|Ayurvediya Rasashastra||Chandrabhushan Jha|
|History of Indian Medicine (1-3 parts)||Dr. Girindra Nath Mukhopadhyaya|
|Bedi Vanaspati Kosha||Ramesh Bedi|
|Sanskrit Ayurveda Sudha||Dr. B. L. Gaur|
Candidates who wish to deepen their knowledge can opt for a Bridge course after BAMS. It is offered by IGNOU. The program offers 18 credit points that can be divided into 10 credits in practical and 8 credits in theory. The bridge course has been made active since January 2017.
Bridge Course is a part of the Ayushman Bharat movement aiming to improve the abilities and competencies of ayurveda as well as nursing practitioners. The program is open for sponsored students from National Health Mission (NHM), MOHFW, Govt. of India via the State Government/ State Health Mission. Bridge course after BAMS was designed and developed with the help of funding provided by the Ministry of Health and Family Welfare, GOI (NHM)
|Bridge Course Provider||IGNOU|
|Minimum time duration||6 Months|
|Maximum time duration||2 Years|
|Eligibility||B.Sc. Nursing/ GNM/ PB B.Sc. Nursing/ BAMS|
After pursuing Bachelors of Ayurveda & Surgery, there are a plethora of career options to choose from. Graduates can find a job in both government and private clinics, as Ayurveda Specialists, Ayurveda drug specialists and may even start their private practice. BAMS graduates are hired in the following capacities:
The average salary of an Ayurveda Doctor is between Rs. 5 lakh to Rs. 15 lakh. Ayurvedic doctors can start their private practice and can make a lot of money out of it. Other job roles like Medical Representative are also very lucrative if one gets into MNCs. The salary package of a medical representative is between Rs. 3 lakh to Rs. 8 lakh.
Graduates of the 5-year ayurvedic course will be able to pursue a career path in one of the following areas of employment for BAMS in India.
Apart from pursuing a career path in the field of Ayurveda, graduates of BAMS can also pursue higher education in the same field of even change disciplines. BAMS graduates can pursue one of the following subjects:
With a higher education degree, graduates will be able to build a better and more lucrative career path for themselves. They will also be able to pursue career paths in different fields and disciplines such as management and law.
Candidates who choose to study BAMS receive lucrative packages. However, remuneration depends on many factors such as experience and job roles.
List below is the salary data of BAMS qualified students based on their experience level gained in the field:
|Experience Level||Average Salary Earned|
|Beginner Level||INR 2,00,000- 6,00,000|
|Senior Level||INR 3,00,00-9,00,000|
List below is the salary data of BAMS qualified students based on their job profiles:
|Job Profile||Average Salary|
|Medical Officer||INR 4,98,000|
|Ayurvedic Doctor||INR 13,70,000|
|Ayurvedic Physician||INR 3,58,000|
|Sales Representative||INR 2,46,000|
BAMS Course graduates are offered a variety of opportunities in terms of career prospects. Listed below are some of the top Recruiting Agencies for BAMS graduates:
|Surya Herbal Ltd.||Patanjali Ayurveda Ltd.|
|Vicco Laboratories||Dabur India Ltd.|
|Charak Pharma Private Limited||Emami Ltd.|
The Bachelor of Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (BAMS) course requires students to have certain skills to succeed in the program and in their future careers as Ayurvedic practitioners. Some of the key skills required for BAMS are:
|Scientific knowledge||BAMS is a science-based course, and students are required to have a strong understanding of anatomy, physiology, pharmacology, and other related subjects.|
|Communication skills||As a practitioner, clear and effective communication is important in building trust with patients and conveying information accurately.|
|Critical thinking||Students must have the ability to analyze symptoms, diagnose illnesses, and make informed decisions based on their knowledge and observations.|
|Empathy||Ayurveda is based on the principles of holistic healing, and practitioners need to be able to connect with their patients and understand their concerns.|
|Organizational skills||BAMS students must be able to manage their time effectively, prioritize tasks, and stay organized, as the course requires a significant amount of independent study.|
|Attention to detail||Ayurvedic practitioners must be meticulous in their observations, diagnoses, and treatments, and pay close attention to detail in their work.|
|Physical stamina||Practicing Ayurveda may involve long hours, physically demanding treatments, and working with patients who may require assistance.|
By developing these skills, BAMS students can better prepare themselves for the demands of the course and their future careers.
With an upsurge of countless grave health issues and limitations of allopathy, Ayurveda has emerged as an alternative in the recent past. Hence, it is important to mention that BAMS has earned its reputation as one of the most popular courses not only in India but abroad as well. With lesser known side effects Ayurveda is being increasingly accepted by people all over the globe especially for their erratic and fast-paced lifestyle. After the completion of the BAMS course, candidates can either opt for practicing or may pursue higher studies and specialize in a particular branch of Ayurveda. Along with regular practice, a BAMS graduate can also take up specialized practice after pursuing higher education in the discipline, e.g., therapy of skin diseases, spinal disorders, ophthalmologic conditions, anorectal diseases, etc.
The full form of BAMS is Bachelor of Ayurveda Medical and Surgical studies. This is a bachelor's degree course.
The minimum eligibility criteria for students to apply for the BAMS course is a higher secondary passing certificate with 55% marks in aggregate. Students must be from a science background.
As per the new rule by Indian Medical Association, graduates of the BAMS course are eligible to perform 58 different types of surgeries.
No. While studying BAMS, students get to learn about the traditional ways to diagnose diseases. On the other hand, MBBS graduates learn about the use of various diagnoses involving western medicine.
It is not a very difficult course to study. Students who have a deep knack for ayurvedic knowledge can pursue this programme.